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Institutions, Institutional Change, Strategic Assets and Competitive Advantage of American and French Film Industries (1895-1998)

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  • GHERTMAN, Michel
  • HADIDA, Allegre L.
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    Abstract

    This paper uses neo-institutional economics (I.E.) to examine why French film production firms have lost their competitive advantage to their American competitors from 1895 to 1998. I.E. posits that major institutional changes result in changes in firms' strategic assets and strategies as well as in strategic industry factors. This causal path represents a bold shift in perspective from Industrial Organization, which considers the institutional environment as exogenous and largely beyond the reach of strategy. The same holds for the Resource-Based View. Several propositions stemming from neo-institutional economics are examined with a qualitative historical methodology. Robust evidence is provided to confirm the importance of neo-institutional explanations of strategic and industry changes over the whole period under study. However, institutions and institutional change have not been the sole drivers of industry and firms evolutions: chance (technologies and wars) and cognitive models of industry players also played their part, albeit complementary.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by HEC Paris in its series Les Cahiers de Recherche with number 669.

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    Length: 31 pages
    Date of creation: 01 Jun 1999
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:0669

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    Postal: HEC Paris, 78351 Jouy-en-Josas cedex, France
    Web page: http://www.hec.fr/
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    Related research

    Keywords: neo-institutional economics; film industry; competitive advantage; France; USA;

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    1. North, Douglass C, 1994. "Economic Performance through Time," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 359-68, June.
    2. Schmalensee, Richard., 1984. "Do markets differ much?," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management 1531-84., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    3. Coase, Ronald, 1998. "The New Institutional Economics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 72-74, May.
    4. Mariano Tommasi & Pablo T. Spiller, 2004. "The Institutions of Regulation," Working Papers, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia 67, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Mar 2004.
    5. Henderson, Rebecca. & Cockburn, Iain., 1994. "Measuring competence? : exploring firm effects in pharmaceutical research," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management 3712-94., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    6. Alfred D. Chandler, 1969. "Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262530090, December.
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