Managing Mongolia’s resource boom
AbstractWith two very large mining projects expected to reach full production this decade, Mongolia is entering a commodity boom. History teaches us that commodity revenues offer unique opportunities for development but can also depress long-term economic prospects by increasing macroeconomic volatility, reducing incentives to invest in physical and human capital and undermining economic and political institutions. This paper surveys what Mongolia can do, building on reform steps it has already taken, to avoid a “resource trap”. It argues that (i) cash transfers to the general population should be linked directly to the performance of the underlying mining assets to create a domestic constituency for good governance in the mining sector; (ii) social spending should be de-linked from resource revenues, better targeted and fully incorporated into the budget; (iii) macroeconomic volatility could be reduced by operationalising the fiscal stabilisation fund, issuing GDP-indexed debt instruments, and through financial sector reforms; and (iv) major infrastructure and industrial development projects should seek private sector co-investments to ensure that public money is well spent.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist in its series Working Papers with number 138.
Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Working papers 138, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
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More information through EDIRC
natural resources; economic boom; institutions; financial development;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q32 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development
- Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)
- O10 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
- O16 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
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