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Човешки Капитал, Водещ Човешки Капитал И Доходи От Труд: Как Образованието Определя Дохода От Труд В Икономиката На България?


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  • Ralitsa Simeonova-Ganeva
  • Nataliya Panayotova

    (Agency for Economic Analysis and Forecasting)


Връзката между човешкия капитал и доходите от труд е широко изследвана в развитите икономики, но е от особен интерес за икономиките в преход. Какво е нивото на натрупания човешки капитал в една икономика в преход? Дали образованието определя дохода от труд в икономика като тази на България? В настоящото изследване се опитваме да отговорим на тези въпроси, като използваме понятието "нулев човешки капитал", въвеждаме и дефинираме понятието "водещ човешки капитал" и измерваме дистанцията между отделния нает и водещия човешки капитал въз основа на доходите от труд. След това правим опит да измерим натрупания човешки капитал въз основа на методологията, въведена от Мълиган и Сала-и-Мартин (1995). В допълнение към досега съществуващите подходи, предлагаме и аргументираме използването на дистанцията между нулевия и водещия човешки капитал като алтернативен измерител на натрупания човешки капитал. Накрая, оценяваме влиянието на образованието както върху доходите от труд, така и върху дистанцията на наетите до водещия човешки капитал, използвайки данни за 148 942 наети в 13 икономически дейности в България.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Agency for Economic Analysis and Forecasting in its series Working paper series with number 32009bg.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eaf:wpaper:32009bg

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Keywords: човешки капитал; доходи от труд; измерване на човешкия капитал; нулев човешки капитал; водещ човешки капитал; дистанция до водещия човешки капитал; човешки капитал по икономически дейности; икономики в преход;

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  1. Jeong, Byeongju, 2002. "Measurement of human capital input across countries: a method based on the laborer's income," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 333-349, April.
  2. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Azariadis, Costas & Drazen, Allan, 1990. "Threshold Externalities in Economic Development," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(2), pages 501-26, May.
  4. Benhabib, Jess & Spiegel, Mark M., 1994. "The role of human capital in economic development evidence from aggregate cross-country data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 143-173, October.
  5. Marin, Dalia & Koman, Reinhard, 2005. "Human Capital and Macroeconomic Growth: Austria and Germany 1960-1997. An Update," Discussion Papers in Economics 569, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  6. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
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