Causality Tests, Interdependence and Model Selection: Aplication to OECD countries 1960-97
AbstractThis paper compares several methodologies for analysing unidirectional and bi-directional causality between Consumption and GDP in 25 OECD countries during the period 1960-95. For analysing unilateral causality a comparison is made between cointegration tests and joint regression on alternative explanatory variables, with 100% of correct results in the case of joint regression and lower percentages of success for cointegration approach. Bilateral causality is analysed comparing Granger´s test, a modified version of Granger´s test here suggested, TSLS, Hausman´s causality test and other approaches. The main conclusion is that the modified version of Granger´s test performs rather well and that Hausman´s test is very often useful for reinforcing the conclusions of multiple equations models with contemporaneous interdependence. Regarding the bilateral relationship between Consumption and GDP we conclude that there is a moderate degree of contemporaneous relation, with a high degree of dependence of Private Consumption on GDP and a lower dependence in the case of the reverse relation, because GDP is more dependent on supply side conditions than on demand side. This result is relevant for economic policies in less developed countries where very often emphasis is made more in the reverse relations than in the main ones.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. Econometrics. in its series Economic Development with number 63.
Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 2003
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
- C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
- E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
- O57 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2003-02-24 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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"Specification Tests in Econometrics,"
Econometric Society, vol. 46(6), pages 1251-71, November.
- Al-Rjoub, S., 2005. "Effect of Oil Price Shocks in the U.S. for 1985-2004, using VAR, Mixed Dynamic and Granger Causality Approaches," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 5(3).
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