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The differential impact of privately and publicly funded R&D on R&D investment and innovation: The Italian case

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Author Info

  • Giovanni Cerulli
  • Bianca Potì

    ()
    (CERIS-CNR, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth)

Abstract

The paper explores the impact of a specific R&D policy tool, the Italian “Fondo per le Agevolazioni della Ricerca” (FAR), on industrial R&D and technological output at firm level. Our objective is threefold: first, identifying econometrically the presence/absence of private R&D investment additionality/crowding-out within a pooled sample, in a series of firms’ subsets (by regional, dimensional, technological and other characterizations), and by taking into account the effect of single as well as a mix of policy instruments; second, exploring the output (innovation) additionality by comparing the differential impact of “privately funded” (firm own resources) and “public funded” industrial R&D expenditures on firm patent applications; third, comparing the structural characteristics of the group of firm performing additionality with that doing crowding-out, in order to appreciate which are the firm characteristics driving to the success of the policy at stake. Our results suggest that FAR has been effective in the pooled sample, although no effect emerges in some subsets of firms. In particular, while large firms seem to have been decisive for the success of this policy, small firms present a more marked crowding-out effect. Furthermore, firm growth’s strategy and capacity of effectively transform R&D input into innovation output (patents) seem to lead toward a better effect in term of additionality.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Doctoral School of Economics, Sapienza University of Rome in its series Working Papers with number 10.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision: 2010
Handle: RePEc:dsc:wpaper:10

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Web page: http://phdschool-economics.dse.uniroma1.it/website/
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Keywords: business R&D; public incentives; econometric evaluation;

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References

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  1. Hall, Bronwyn H., 2002. "The Financing of Research and Development," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt34c1c643, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Hottenrott, Hanna & Lopes-Bento, Cindy, 2013. "(International) R&D collaboration and SMEs: The effectiveness of targeted public R&D support schemes," DICE Discussion Papers 121, Heinrich‐Heine‐Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
  2. Hud, Martin & Hussinger, Katrin, 2014. "The impact of R&D subsidies during the crisis," ZEW Discussion Papers 14-024, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  3. Michel Dumont, 2013. "Working Paper 01-13 - The impact of subsidies and fiscal incentives on corporate R&D expenditures in Belgium (2001-2009)," Working Papers 1301, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.
  4. Giovanni Cerulli, 2012. "Are R&D Subsidies Provided Optimally? Evidence from a Simulated Agency-Firm Stochastic Dynamic Game," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 15(1), pages 7.
  5. Leandro D’Aurizio & Marco Marinucci, 2013. "Italian firms’ innovation strategies in 2008-2010," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 197, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  6. Dezhina, I. & Simachev, Yu., 2013. "Matching Grants for Stimulating Partnerships between Companies and Universities in Innovation Area: Initial Effects in Russia," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 19(3), pages 99-122.
  7. Correa, Paulo & Andres, Luis & Borja-Vega, Christian, 2013. "The impact of government support on firm R&D investments : a meta-analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6532, The World Bank.
  8. Dezhina, Irina & Simachev, Yuri, 2012. "Partnering universities and companies in Russia: effects of new government initiative," MPRA Paper 43622, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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