In Search of a Better Life: The Occupational Attainment of Rural and Urban Migrants in China
AbstractThis paper investigates the occupational attainment and job mobility of permanent rural-to-urban migrants and compares them with migrants who were born with an urban hukou. Using data from the 2003 China General Social Survey, we examine how much of the gaps in occupational-prestige scores between rural- and urban-born migrants can be explained by differences in observable characteristics up to the time of migration. We find that, with controls for these characteristics, the difference in occupational attainment between rural and urban migrants becomes statistically insignificant or even positive for some subgroups. In contrast, our analysis of job mobility reveals that rural migrants are generally more mobile and also more likely to move to better jobs by changing work units, whereas urban migrants are more likely to be promoted within a work unit.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University in its series ISER Discussion Paper with number 0793.
Date of creation: Sep 2010
Date of revision:
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-10-09 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2010-10-09 (Development)
- NEP-LAB-2010-10-09 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2010-10-09 (Economics of Human Migration)
- NEP-TRA-2010-10-09 (Transition Economics)
- NEP-URE-2010-10-09 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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