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Walras and dividends equilibrium with possibly satiated consumers

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  • Nizar Allouch

    ()
    (Department of Economics Queen Mary, University of London Mile End Rd, E1 4NS London, United Kingdom)

  • Cuong Le Van

    ()
    (PSE, Universit� Paris 1, CNRS CES, 106-112 boulevard de l'H�pital 75647 Paris cedex 13)

Abstract

The main contribution of the paper is to provide a weaker nonsatiation assumption than the one commonly used in the literature to ensure the existence of competitive equilibrium. Our assumption allows for satiation points in the set of individually feasible consumptions, provided that the consumer has satiation points available to him outside this set. As a result, we show the concept of equilibrium with dividends (See Aumann and Dreze (1986), Mas-Collel (1992)) is pertinent only when the set of satiation points is included in the set of individually feasible consumptions. Our economic motivation stems from the fact that in decentralized markets, increasing the incomes of consumers through dividends, if it is possible, is costly since it involves the intervention of a social planner. Then, we show, in particular, how in securities markets our weak nonsatiation assumption is satisfied by Werner's (1987) assumption.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam in its series Working Papers with number 08.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:0808

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Keywords: Satiation; Dividends; Exchange Economy; Short-selling;

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References

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  1. Werner, Jan, 1987. "Arbitrage and the Existence of Competitive Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(6), pages 1403-18, November.
  2. Alexander Konovalov, 2005. "The core of an economy with satiation," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 711-719, 04.
  3. Makarov, V. L., 1981. "Some results on general assumptions about the existence of economic equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 87-99, March.
  4. AUMANN, Robert J. & DREZE, Jacques H., . "Values of markets with satiation or fixed prices," CORE Discussion Papers RP -722, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. LE VAN, Cuong & BA MINH, Nguyen, 2004. "No-arbitrage condition and existence of equilibrium with dividends," CORE Discussion Papers 2004034, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  6. Dana, Rose-Anne & Le Van, Cuong & Magnien, François, 1996. "On the different notions of arbitrage and existence of equilibrium," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9616, CEPREMAP.
  7. Allouch, Nizar & Le Van, Cuong & Page, Jr. Frank H., 2001. "The geometry of arbitrage and the existence of competitive equilibrium," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 598, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  8. Cornet, Bernard & Topuzu, Mihaela & Yildiz, Aysegul, 2003. "Equilibrium theory with a measure space of possibly satiated consumers," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 175-196, June.
  9. Kajii, Atsushi, 1996. "How to discard non-satiation and free-disposal with paper money," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 75-84.
  10. Page Jr., Frank H. & Wooders, Myrna Holtz, 1996. "A necessary and sufficient condition for the compactness of individually rational and feasible outcomes and the existence of an equilibrium," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 153-162, August.
  11. Dreze, Jacques H. & Muller, Heinz, 1980. "Optimality properties of rationing schemes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 131-149, October.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2013. "A note on the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2013-14, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  2. Sato, Norihisa, 2010. "Satiation and existence of competitive equilibrium," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 534-551, July.
  3. Battauz, Anna & De Donno, Marzia & Ortu, Fulvio, 2011. "Intertemporal asset pricing and the marginal utility of wealth," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 227-244, March.
  4. Won, Dong Chul & Yannelis, Nicholas C., 2011. "Equilibrium theory with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(2), pages 245-250, March.
  5. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:3:y:2008:i:73:p:1-8 is not listed on IDEAS
  6. D. Won & G. Hahn & N. Yannelis, 2008. "Capital market equilibrium without riskless assets: heterogeneous expectations," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 183-195, March.
  7. Nizar Allouch & Monique Florenzano, 2012. "Fuzzy Rejective Core of Satiated Economies with Unbounded Consumption Sets," Working Papers 690, Queen Mary, University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
  8. Allouch, Nizar & Florenzano, Monique, 2013. "Edgeworth rejective core and dividends equilibria of satiated exchange economies," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 1-6.
  9. Martins-da-Rocha, Victor Filipe & Monteiro, Paulo Klinger, 2007. "Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: how far can we go?," Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) 646, FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).
  10. Miyazaki, Kentaro & Takekuma, Shin-Ichi, 2012. "On the existence of Walras equilibrium in irreducible economies with satiable and non-ordered preferences," Discussion Papers 2012-05, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  11. Norihisa Sato, 2008. "Some sufficient conditions for the existence of a competitive equilibrium in economies with satiated consumers," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 3(73), pages 1-8.

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