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The (A)Symmetry of shocks in the EMU

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  • Bastiaan A. Verhoef

Abstract

A disadvantage of EMU is the lack of national monetary policy to absorb country-specific shocks. The seriousness of this depends on the availability of alternative adjustment mechanisms, as well as on the asymmetry of the demand and supply shocks within EMU. Previous empirical research on the asymmetry of shocks mainly focused on correlation coefficients between the shocks for some specific period. Therefore, it does not give a proper picture of the development of the symmetry of shocks in the EMU. The aim of this paper is to analyse empirically whether shocks in EMU became more or less symmetric. By using a moving principal component analysis the development of the symmetry of shocks will be much clearer. The results suggest that within EMU the symmetry of demand shocks increased during the last two decades, whilst the symmetry of the supply shocks also rose slightly. This suggested convergence of shocks helps the ECB to determine its monetary stance for the entire Euro zone.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Netherlands Central Bank in its series DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) with number 106.

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Length: 37 pages
Date of creation: 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dnb:staffs:106

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Keywords: demand and supply shocks; EMU; structural vector auto regression; principal component analysis;

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  1. Frankel, Jeffrey A & Rose, Andrew K, 1998. "The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1009-25, July.
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  8. Blanchard, Olivier Jean & Quah, Danny, 1989. "The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 655-73, September.
  9. Fabiani, Silvia & Rodriguez-Palenzuela, Diego, 2001. "Model-based indicators of labour market rigidity," Working Paper Series 0057, European Central Bank.
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  12. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1997. "Is EMU more justifiable ex post than ex ante?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 753-760, April.
  13. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 2005. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199279173, Octomber.
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Cited by:
  1. Jondeau, E. & Sahuc, J-G., 2007. "Testing heterogeneity within the euro area," Working papers 181, Banque de France.
  2. Eric Jondeau & Jean-Guillaume Sahuc, 2005. "Testing Heterogeneity within the Euro Area Using a Structural Multi-Country Model," Documents de recherche 05-06, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.

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