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Globalisation and Monetary Policy

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  • Paul Cavelaars
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    Abstract

    This paper studies the implications of globalisation for the effectiveness of monetary policy in large open economies, such as the euro area and the United States. The analysis allows for imperfect competition and an endogenous home bias in consumption. I find that globalisation (a reduction in the costs of international trade) causes a monetary expansion to have a larger (smaller) e�ect on prices (output). To the extent that globalisation also induces stronger competition in the goods market, I find that its impact on the incentive for activist monetary policy is ambiguous. Finally, globalisation reduces the beggary-thy-neighbour effects of monetary policy.

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    File URL: http://www.dnb.nl/binaries/Working%20Paper%2048_tcm46-146705.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department in its series DNB Working Papers with number 048.

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    Date of creation: Aug 2005
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    Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:048

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    Related research

    Keywords: trade costs; openness; monetary policy.;

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    1. William C. Gruben & Darryl McLeod, 2003. "The openness-inflation puzzle revisited," Center for Latin America Working Papers 0203, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
    2. Karras, Georgios, 1999. "Openness and the effects of monetary policy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 13-26, January.
    3. David Romer, 1991. "Openness and Inflation: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 3936, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
    5. Cristina T. Terra, 1998. "Openness And Inflation: A New Assessment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 113(2), pages 641-648, May.
    6. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1996. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," NBER Working Papers 4693, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Daniels, Joseph P & Nourzad, Farrokh & Vanhoose, David D, 2005. "Openness, Central Bank Independence, and the Sacrifice Ratio," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 37(2), pages 371-79, April.
    8. McCallum, John, 1995. "National Borders Matter: Canada-U.S. Regional Trade Patterns," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(3), pages 615-23, June.
    9. Hau, Harald, 2000. "Exchange rate determination: The role of factor price rigidities and nontradeables," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 421-447, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Valderrama, Maria Teresa & Gnan, Ernest, 2006. "Globalization, Inflation and Monetary Policy," Monetary Policy & the Economy, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank), issue 4, pages 37–54.

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