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The Changing Impact of Marriage and Children on Women’s Labor Force Participation

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  • Saul D. Hoffman

    ()
    (Department of Economics,University of Delaware)

Abstract

Cohany and Sok recently reported that the labor force participation rate of married women with children, and especially married women with very young children, declined between 1997 and 2005. In contrast, recent work by Boushey showed that the negative impact of children on work by women age 25-44 declined, rather than increased, in the two decades between 1984 and 2004. In this paper, I examine the interactive effects of marriage and children on women’s labor force participation rates between 1984 and 2004. I show that the presence of children of virtually any age has had a declining negative impact on work for single women and an increasing negative impact for married women. Both of these changes occurred primarily in the 1993-2000 period and have been maintained through 2004, but not at the 1993-2000 rate of increase.

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File URL: http://graduate.lerner.udel.edu/sites/default/files/ECON/PDFs/RePEc/dlw/WorkingPapers/2008/UDWP2008-19.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Delaware, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 08-19.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming in Monthly Labor Review
Handle: RePEc:dlw:wpaper:08-19.

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Postal: Purnell Hall, Newark, Delaware 19716
Phone: (302) 831-2565
Fax: (302) 831-6968
Web page: http://www.lerner.udel.edu/departments/economics/department-economics/
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Related research

Keywords: Labor Force Participation; Women and Work; Marriage;

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References

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  1. Heather Boushey, 2005. "Are Women Opting Out? Debunking the Myth," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2005-36, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
  2. Saul D. Hoffman & Laurence S. Seidman, 2003. "Helping Working Families: The Earned Income Tax Credit," Books from Upjohn Press, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, number hwf.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Macunovich, Diane J., 2009. "Reversals in the Patterns of Women's Labor Supply in the U.S., 1976-2009," IZA Discussion Papers 4512, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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