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Decisiones laborales en América Latina: el caso de los emprendedores. Un estudio sobre la base de encuestas de hogares

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Author Info

  • Pablo Gluzmann

    (CEDLAS,UNLP - CONICET)

  • David Jaume

    (CEDLAS,UNLP - CONICET)

  • Leonardo Gasparini

    (CEDLAS,UNLP - CONICET)

Abstract

Los países de América Latina han experimentado fuertes transformaciones en sus mercados laborales, las cuales han tenido consecuencias en términos sociales y productivos. Analizar al mercado laboral, y en particular a las decisiones de trabajo, es importante para una mejor comprensión de los cambios en la pobreza, la desigualdad, la productividad y el crecimiento en la región. Este trabajo, utilizando microdatos de encuestas de hogares y laborales de todos los países de América Latina (AL), contribuye a ese objetivo, caracterizando la condición ocupacional y documentando diferencias entre los países de la región y su evolución en el tiempo. En particular, el trabajo se focaliza en la condición laboral de patrón o empresario, con el objetivo de contribuir a entender las decisiones hacia la actividad emprendedora en la región. Toda acción emprendedora tiene origen en una decisión ocupacional afectada por las condiciones de mercado y las características idiosincráticas (observables o no) del individuo. En consecuencia, entender el emprendedurismo requiere caracterizar la condición ocupacional a lo largo de múltiples dimensiones. Este trabajo ofrece esta amplia caracterización en diferentes países de América Latina, con el fin de dar luces sobre algunas propiedades de la decisión ocupacional.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata in its series CEDLAS, Working Papers with number 0137.

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Length: 94 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0137

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Postal: Calle 48 No555 - La Plata (1900)
Phone: 21- 1466
Fax: 54-21-25-9536
Web page: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/
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  1. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
  2. André van Stel & Chantal Hartog & J. Cieslik Cieslik, 2010. "Measuring Business Ownership Across Countries and Over Time: Extending the COMPENDIA Data Base," Scales Research Reports H201019, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  3. Schultz, Theodore W, 1975. "The Value of the Ability to Deal with Disequilibria," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 13(3), pages 827-46, September.
  4. Audretsch, David B. & Carree, Martin A. & van Stel, André J. & Thurik, A. Roy, 2000. "Impeded industrial restructuring : the growth penalty," HWWA Discussion Papers 114, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  5. Audretsch, David B, et al, 2002. "Impeded Industrial Restructuring: The Growth Penalty," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(1), pages 81-97.
  6. Desai, Sameeksha, 2009. "Measuring Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  7. Joshua Hall, 2008. "Randall G. Holcombe, Entrepreneurship and economic progress," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 219-222, September.
  8. Michael Peneder, 2009. "The Meaning of Entrepreneurship: A Modular Concept," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 77-99, June.
  9. McFadden, Daniel L., 1984. "Econometric analysis of qualitative response models," Handbook of Econometrics, in: Z. Griliches† & M. D. Intriligator (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 24, pages 1395-1457 Elsevier.
  10. Borooah, Vani K & Hart, Mark, 1999. " Factors Affecting Self-Employment among Indian and Black Caribbean Men in Britain," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 13(2), pages 111-29, September.
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