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Employer Sanctions, Illegal Migration and Welfare

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  • Munirul H Nabin
  • Pasquale M Sgro

    ()

Abstract

Despite border enforcement and penalties for firms that hire illegal migrants, the presence of illegal migrants in most economies still persists. This paper assumes a Ricardian economy and analyzes migration of illegal unskilled workers in a model of Cournot Duopoly where firms are producing homogenous and non-traded goods, and hiring illegal migrants. A two-stage simultaneous move game is set up: In stage 1, for a given technology and vigilance level, each individual firm will decide whether to hire illegal migrants. In stage 2, each firm will choose the Cournot output level. Using this structure, we demonstrate that hiring illegal migrants is not necessarily welfare-reducing for a given industry and furthermore the presence of illegal migrants creates more employment for domestic workers.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Deakin University, Faculty of Business and Law, School of Accounting, Economics and Finance in its series Economics Series with number 2010_01.

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Date of creation: 09 Feb 2010
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Handle: RePEc:dkn:econwp:eco_2010_01

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Keywords: Illegal Migrants; Vigilance; Cournot Competition and Welfare;

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References

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  1. Gordon H. Hanson, 2006. "Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 44(4), pages 869-924, December.
  2. Bhagwati, Jagdish N, 1982. "Directly Unproductive, Profit-seeking (DUP) Activities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(5), pages 988-1002, October.
  3. Jean Baldwin Grossman, 1984. "Illegal immigrants and domestic employment," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 37(2), pages 240-251, January.
  4. Gathmann, Christina, 2008. "Effects of enforcement on illegal markets: Evidence from migrant smuggling along the southwestern border," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 92(10-11), pages 1926-1941, October.
  5. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," NBER Working Papers 4955, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Bond, Eric W. & Chen, Tain-Jy, 1987. "The welfare effects of illegal immigration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(3-4), pages 315-328, November.
  7. Gregory Clark, 1991. "Yields per acre in English agriculture, 1250-1860: evidence from labour inputs," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, Economic History Society, vol. 44(3), pages 445-460, 08.
  8. Card, David, 2004. "Is the New Immigration Really So Bad?," IZA Discussion Papers 1119, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. George J. Borjas & Lawrence F. Katz, 2005. "The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States," NBER Working Papers 11281, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Schroeter, John R. & Azzam, Azzeddine M., 1990. "Measuring Market Power in Multi-Product Oligopolies: The U.S. Meat Industry," Staff General Research Papers 11112, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  11. Magnac, T. & Verdier, T., 1989. "Welfare Aspects of Technological Adoption with Learning," DELTA Working Papers, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure) 89-16, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  12. Entorf, Horst & Möbert, Jochen, 2004. "The Demand for Illegal Migration and Market Outcomes," Darmstadt Discussion Papers in Economics 37283, Darmstadt Technical University, Department of Business Administration, Economics and Law, Institute of Economics (VWL).
  13. Entorf, Horst, 2000. "Rational migration policy should tolerate non-zero illegal migration flows: Lessons from modelling the market for illegal migration," W.E.P. - Würzburg Economic Papers 23, University of Würzburg, Chair for Monetary Policy and International Economics.
  14. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1986. "Illegal Immigration: The Host-Country Problem," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 56-71, March.
  15. Thomas J. Carter, 2005. "Undocumented Immigration and Host-Country Welfare: Competition Across Segmented Labor Markets," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(4), pages 777-795.
  16. Raquel Carrasco & Juan Jimeno & A. Ortega, 2008. "The effect of immigration on the labor market performance of native-born workers: some evidence for Spain," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 627-648, July.
  17. Hatta, Tatsuo, 1977. "A Theory of Piecemeal Policy Recommendations," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(1), pages 1-21, February.
  18. Frank Bean & B. Lowell & Lowell Taylor, 1988. "Undocumented Mexican immigrants and the earnings of other workers in the United States," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 35-52, February.
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As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Employer Sanctions, Illegal Migration and Welfare
    by Ariel Goldring in Free Market Mojo on 2010-03-03 08:17:08

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