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Wie wirken Änderungen von Pendlerpauschale und Werbungskostenpauschale?: Ein Mikrosimulationsmodell

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  • Gerhard Wagenhals
  • Jürgen Buck

Abstract

Based on a representative data set of more than 36 000 original tax report extracts, we develop a microsimulation model that calculates the fiscal impact of changes in the area of tax deductible work-related expenses, in particular expenses for travelling from private home to the place of work, in Germany. The new model allows a more accurate estimation of the fiscal impact of changes in the German income tax law than previously possible and thus facilitates an informed evaluation of tax policy options. Die vorliegende Arbeit dokumentiert ein neues Mikrosimulationsmodell für Werbungskosten, das im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums der Finanzen entwickelt wurde und das einige Schwierigkeiten bisheriger Werbungskostenmodelle durch Einsatz moderner statistischer Verfahren überwindet. Das neue Modell erweist sich als flexibles, leicht zu handhabendes Instrument zur Quantifizierung der kurzfristigen Aufkommens- und Verteilungswirkungen von Steuerreformen. Wir wenden es zur Analyse der Effekte wichtiger Änderungen des Einkommensteuergesetzes ab 1. Januar 2007 sowie einer Reihe von Alternativvorschlägen für die Abzugsfähigkeit von Werbungskosten an.

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Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 83.

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Length: 14 p.
Date of creation: 2008
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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp83

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  1. Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP): Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 1, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  2. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2005. "Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 485, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Jutta Kloas & Hartmut Kuhfeld, 2003. "Entfernungspauschale: Bezieher hoher Einkommen begünstigt: aktuelle Ergebnisse zum Verkehrsverhalten privater Haushalte," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 70(42), pages 623-629.
  4. Schaefer, Thilo & Peichl, Andreas, 2006. "Documentation FiFoSiM: integrated tax benefit microsimulation and CGE model," FiFo Discussion Papers - Finanzwissenschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 06-10, University of Cologne, FiFo Institute for Public Economics.
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