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Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei bedarfsgerechtem Ausbau frühkindlicher Kindertagesbetreuung: eine Mikrosimulationsstudie

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  • Denis Beninger
  • Holger Bonin
  • Julia Horstschräer
  • Grit Mühler

Abstract

Der Beitrag evaluiert die Wirkungen eines Betreuungsgeldes bei gleichzeitigem Ausbau der öffentlich geförderten Tagesbetreuung für Kinder im Alter von 13 bis 36 Monaten. Wir schätzen mit SOEP-Daten und unter Berücksichtigung partiell beobachtbarer Rationierungen im Betreuungsbereich ein strukturelles Modell, in dem Eltern simultan über den Umfang des Arbeitsangebots, den Umfang externer Betreuung und die Intensität der Kinderbetreuung in der Familie entscheiden. Simulationen auf Grundlage der geschätzten Modellparameter ergeben, dass ein Betreuungsgeld das Arbeitsangebot und die Nachfrage nach externen Betreuungsangeboten spürbar verringert. Für sich betrachtet wirkt der Ausbau der Kindertagesbetreuung bei beiden Zielgrößen in die umgekehrte Richtung. Im Gesamteffekt beider Maßnahmen fallen sowohl das Arbeitsangebot als auch die Inanspruchnahme von Betreuung außerhalb der Familie. Zwar verbessert sich die Einkommensposition bildungsferner Familien, ein Betreuungsgeld behindert bei dieser Gruppe aber die Nutzung externer frühkindlicher Bildungsangebote.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) in its series SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research with number 316.

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Length: 27 p.
Date of creation: 2010
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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp316

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Keywords: Behavioral microsimulation; day care; family policy; Germany;

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References

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