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Les déterminants de la "qualité" des conseils d'administration français

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Author Info

  • Laurence Godard

    ()
    (Université de Franche-Comté)

  • Alain Schatt

    ()
    (Université de Franche-Comté)

Abstract

Dans cet article, nous vérifions si la "qualité" des conseils d'administration dépend de la structure de propriété et de la politique financière des grandes sociétés cotées en bourse, caractérisées par une séparation de la décision (control) et du contrôle (ownership). En nous basant sur la théorie de l'agence, nous considérons que les conseils sont de meilleure qualité lorsqu'ils comprennent une fraction élevée d'administrateurs indépendants et/ou lorsque les fonctions de direction générale et de présidence du conseil sont dissociées. Pour les 85 sociétés cotées en bourse de notre échantillon, nous confirmons notamment que la qualité des conseils croît avec la fraction d'actions détenues par le public

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations in its series Working Papers CREGO with number 1040603.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dij:wpfarg:1040603

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Postal: 2 Bd Gabriel, BP 26611, 21066 Dijon Cedex, France

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Postal: Angèle Renaud, CREGO, 2 Bd Gabriel, BP 26611, 21066 Dijon Cedex, France
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Keywords: conseil d'administration; membres indépendants; dissociation des fonctions; structure de propriété; politique financière;

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References

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  1. Laurence Godard & Alain Schatt, 2004. "Caractéristiques et fonctionnement des conseils d'administration français:un état des lieux," Working Papers CREGO 1040201, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  2. La Porta, Rafael & Lopez-de-Silanes, Florencio & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert, 2000. "Investor protection and corporate governance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1-2), pages 3-27.
  3. Rosenstein, Stuart & Wyatt, Jeffrey G., 1990. "Outside directors, board independence, and shareholder wealth," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 175-191, August.
  4. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
  5. Shivdasani, Anil, 1993. "Board composition, ownership structure, and hostile takeovers," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(1-3), pages 167-198, April.
  6. Gérard Charreaux, 1991. "Structure de propriété, relation d'agence et performance financière," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 521-552.
  7. Fama, Eugene F, 1980. "Agency Problems and the Theory of the Firm," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(2), pages 288-307, April.
  8. Michael C. Jensen, 2010. "The Modern Industrial Revolution, Exit, and the Failure of Internal Control Systems," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 22(1), pages 43-58.
  9. Géraldine Broye & Alain Schatt, 2003. "Sous-évaluation à l'introduction et cessions d'actions par les actionnaires d'origine:le cas français," Revue Finance Contrôle Stratégie, revues.org, vol. 6(2), pages 67-89, June.
  10. Gérard Charreaux, 2000. "Le conseil d'administration dans les théories de la gouvernance," Working Papers CREGO 001201, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations, revised Dec 2000.
  11. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
  12. Baysinger, Barry D & Butler, Henry N, 1985. "Corporate Governance and the Board of Directors: Performance Effects of Changes in Board Composition," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 101-24, Spring.
  13. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1996. "A Survey of Corporate Governance," NBER Working Papers 5554, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Chun I. Lee & Stuart Rosenstein & Nanda Rangan & Wallace N. Davidson III, 1992. "Board Composition and Shareholder Wealth: The Case of Management Buyouts," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 21(1), Spring.
  15. Faccio, Mara & Lang, Larry H. P., 2002. "The ultimate ownership of Western European corporations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 365-395, September.
  16. Kaplan, Steven N. & Minton, Bernadette A., 1994. "Appointments of outsiders to Japanese boards: Determinants and implications for managers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 225-258, October.
  17. Jensen, Michael C, 1986. "Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 323-29, May.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Claire Gillet, 2011. "Les facteurs explicatifs de la vérification volontaire des informations sociétales," Post-Print hal-00650436, HAL.
  2. Imen Khanchel El Mehdi, 2014. "Les conseils d'administration dans les PME tunisiennes," Working Papers 2014-077, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  3. Thomas Vallée & Joël Massol, 2013. "Firm's Network versus Board Members' Network: Who to Appoint?," Working Papers hal-00829905, HAL.

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