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L'incidence des LBO sur la politique d'investissement et la gestion opérationnelle des firmes acquises:le cas français

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Author Info

  • Philippe Desbrières

    ()

  • Alain Schatt

    (Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

Cet article étudie dans quelle mesure la politique d'investissement ainsi que la gestion opérationnelle des firmes françaises reprises dans le cadre d'un leveraged buy-out (LBO) peuvent expliquer la dégradation de leur surperformance après l'opération. L'étude empirique porte sur 132 LBO réalisés en France de 1989 à 1994. Les résultats obtenus montrent qu'on ne peut expliquer la réduction anormale de la rentabilité économique de ces firmes par un effet mécanique imputable à des surinvestissements, ni par une dérive de la gestion de leurs actifs et passifs d'exploitation. En revanche, l'augmentation des frais de personnels ainsi que des consommations intermédiaires et/ou des réductions de prix de vente à caractère commercial anormales joueraient un rôle majeur.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations in its series Working Papers CREGO with number 1021001.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2002
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in Finance Contrôle Stratégie, vol.5, n°4, décembre 2002.
Handle: RePEc:dij:wpfarg:1021001

Note: article à paraître dans Finance Contrôle Stratégie, vol.5, n°4, décembre 2002.
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Postal: 2 Bd Gabriel, BP 26611, 21066 Dijon Cedex, France

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Postal: Angèle Renaud, CREGO, 2 Bd Gabriel, BP 26611, 21066 Dijon Cedex, France
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Related research

Keywords: Leveraged management buy-out; performance; politique d'investissement; gestion opérationnelle;

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References

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  1. Hite, Gailen L & Vetsuypens, Michael R, 1989. " Management Buyouts of Divisions and Shareholder Wealth," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 44(4), pages 953-70, September.
  2. Michael C. Jensen & William H. Heckling, 1995. "Specific And General Knowledge, And Organizational Structure," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 8(2), pages 4-18.
  3. Kaplan, Steven, 1989. "The effects of management buyouts on operating performance and value," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(2), pages 217-254.
  4. Gérard Charreaux & Philippe Desbrières, 2001. "Corporate Governance: Stakeholder Value Versus Shareholder Value," Working Papers CREGO 1010301, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
  5. Barber, Brad M. & Lyon, John D., 1996. "Detecting abnormal operating performance: The empirical power and specification of test statistics," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 359-399, July.
  6. Phillippe Desbrières & Alain Schatt, 2002. "The Impacts of LBOs on the Performance of Acquired Firms: The French Case," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(5&6), pages 695-729.
  7. Jensen, Michael C, 1986. "Agency Costs of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 323-29, May.
  8. Brent W. Ambrose & Drew B. Winters, 1992. "Does an Industry Effect Exist for Leveraged Buyouts?," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 21(1), Spring.
  9. Wright, Mike & Thompson, Steve & Robbie, Ken, 1992. "Venture capital and management-led, leveraged buy-outs: A European perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 47-71, January.
  10. Fama, Eugene F & Jensen, Michael C, 1983. "Separation of Ownership and Control," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 26(2), pages 301-25, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Anne-Laure Le Nadant & Frédéric Perdreau, 2006. "Financial profile of leveraged buy-out targets: some French evidence," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(4), pages 370-392, November.
  2. Bénédicte Daudé, 2008. "Une approche éthique des fonds de LBO : un financement à effet de levier patrimonial ?," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 93(3), pages 167-178.
  3. Anne Stévenot-Guéry & Loris Guéry, 2006. "L’influence des Capital Investisseurs sur la gestion des ressources humaines des entreprises financées:dimensions, enjeux et limites," Working Papers CREGO 1060502, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.

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