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Un nouvel indice du développement financier

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  • Rafael Cezar

    ()
    (LEDa, UMR DIAL-Université Paris-Dauphine)

Abstract

(english) The article constructs a new financial composite index that is sensitive to the level of financial development. The principal component analysis methodology is used to condensate the information contained in seven measures of the effectiveness in which a financial system performs resource allocation. In addition to traditional indicators, such as private credit and financial depth, the article also uses indicators of the quality of available information, regulatory environment and legal system, so that the new financial index allows a better comprehension and measurement of financial systems. The results show that OECD countries head the ranking, while Sub-Saharan African’s countries have the less developed financial systems. _________________________________ (français) Cet article construit un nouvel indice financier composite, sensible au niveau de développement des systèmes financiers. La technique de l’analyse de la composante principale a été employée pour la condensation de l’information de sept indicateurs de l’efficience de l’allocation des ressources. En plus des indicateurs traditionnels tels que la mesure du crédit privé et de la profondeur financière, l’article utilise également des indicateurs de la qualité de l’information disponible, de la réglementation et du système juridique pour la construction de l’indice composite, de sorte que le nouvel indice financier permette une meilleure mesure des systèmes financiers. Les résultats ne présentent pas beaucoup de surprises : les pays de l’OCDE sont en tête du classement tandis que les pays de l’Afrique Subsaharienne possèdent les systèmes les moins développés.

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File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2012/2012-04
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2012/04.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt201204

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Related research

Keywords: ACP; indice de développement financier et institutionnel.;

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References

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  1. Thorsten Beck & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Ross Levine, 2000. "A New Database on the Structure and Development of the Financial Sector," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 14(3), pages 597-605, September.
  2. King, Robert G & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-37, August.
  3. Ross Levine, 2004. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 10766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Rafael LaPorta & Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, . "Law and Finance," Working Paper 19451, Harvard University OpenScholar.
  5. Leopoldo Fergusson, 2006. "Institutions for Financial Development: What are they and where do they come from?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 27-70, 02.
  6. Rafael Cezar, 2011. "Newtoning financial development with heterogeneous firms," Working Papers DT/2011/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  7. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1983. "Incentive Effects of Terminations: Applications to the Credit and Labor Markets," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(5), pages 912-27, December.
  8. Beck, T.H.L. & Demirgüç-Kunt, A. & Levine, R., 2007. "Finance, inequality and the poor," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-3125426, Tilburg University.
  9. Bencivenga Valerie R. & Smith Bruce D. & Starr Ross M., 1995. "Transactions Costs, Technological Choice, and Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 67(1), pages 153-177, October.
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