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Governance, Democracy and Poverty Reduction: Lessons drawn from household surveys in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America

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  • Javier Herrera

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • Mireille Razafindrakoto

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

  • François Roubaud

    ()
    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Abstract

(english) Public statistics face quite a challenge when it comes to measuring new dimensions of development (institutions, governance, and social and political participation). To take up this challenge, modules on Governance, Democracy and Multiple Dimensions of Poverty have been appended to household surveys by National Statistics Institutes in twelve African and Latin-American developing countries. This paper presents the issues addressed and the methodological lessons learnt along with a selection of findings to illustrate this innovative approach and demonstrate its analytic potential. We investigate, for instance, the population’s support for democratic principles, the respect for civil and political rights and the trust in the political class; the “need for the State”, particularly of the poorest; the extent of petty corruption; the reliability of expert surveys on governance; the perception of decentralisation policies at local level; the level and vitality of social and political participation, etc. The conclusive appraisal made opens up prospects for the national statistical information systems in the developing countries. The measurement and tracking of this new set of objective and subjective public policy monitoring indicators would benefit from being made systematic. _________________________________ (français) La mesure des nouvelles dimensions du développement (institutions, gouvernance, participation, sociale et politique) pose un redoutable défi à la statistique publique. Pour y répondre, des modules thématiques sur la Gouvernance, la Démocratie et les Multiples Dimensions de la Pauvreté ont été greffés sur des enquêtes auprès des ménages réalisées par les Instituts Nationaux de la Statistique de douze pays en développement, africains et latino américains. On présente ici les enjeux et les enseignements méthodologiques de cette expérience, ainsi qu’une sélection de résultats illustratifs de cette approche novatrice. On s'interroge sur l’adhésion des citoyens aux principes démocratiques ; le respect des droits civils et politiques ; la confiance envers les institutions et la classe politique ; le « besoin d’Etat », notamment des pauvres ; l’ampleur de la petite corruption ; l'efficience des institutions ; la fiabilité des enquêtes-experts sur la gouvernance ; l’appréciation des politiques de décentralisation au niveau local ; le niveau et la dynamique de la participation sociale et politique, etc. Le bilan concluant qui en est tiré ouvre des perspectives pour les systèmes nationaux d’informations statistiques dans les PED. La mesure et le suivi de cette nouvelle batterie d’indicateurs objectifs et subjectifs au service de la conduite des politiques publiques mériteraient d’être systématisés.

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File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2005/2005-12
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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2005/12.

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Length: 53 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200512

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Keywords: Africa; Latin America; Democracy; Monitoring Mechanism; Household Surveys; Governance; Poverty; Corruption; Development Policy; Statistics; Afrique; Amérique latine; Démocratie; Dispositif de suivi; Enquêtes auprès des Ménages; Gouvernance; Pauvreté; Corruption; Politique de développement; Statistique.;

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References

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  1. John McMillan & Pablo Zoido, 2004. "How to Subvert Democracy: Montesinos in Peru," Discussion Papers 03-030, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
  2. Michael Lokshin & Nithin Umapathi & Stefano Paternostro, 2006. "Robustness of subjective welfare analysis in a poor developing country: Madagascar 2001," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(4), pages 559-591.
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Cited by:
  1. Cling, Jean-Pierre & Cogneau, Denis & Loup, Jacques & Naudet, Jean-David & Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François, 2005. "Le développement, une question de chances ? A propos du Rapport sur le Développement dans le monde 2006 « Equité et Développement »," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/4390, Paris Dauphine University.
  2. Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François & Torelli, Constance, 2009. "Measuring the informal sector and informal employment: the experience drawn from 1-2-3 surveys in African countries," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10627, Paris Dauphine University.
  3. Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François, 2010. "Are International Databases on Corruption Reliable? A Comparison of Expert Opinion Surveys and Household Surveys in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 1057-1069, August.
  4. Razafindrakoto, Mireille & Roubaud, François & Torelli, Constance, 2009. "La mesure de l’emploi et du secteur informels : Leçons des enquêtes 1-2-3 en Afrique," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/10910, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. James Copestake, 2008. "Wellbeing in international development: what's new?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(5), pages 577-597.

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