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Turkey’s rurality: A comparative analysis at the EU level


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  • Gülümser, A.A.

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Baycan-Levent, T.
  • Nijkamp, P.


The future of Europe’s rural peripheries as well as the future of rural societies is an important development and planning issue in the EU. Several typologies of rural areas and different rural indicators have been developed by researchers and international organizations such as OECD and EU to better understand the dynamics of rural areas and to develop relevant policies for these areas. Rural indicators include a wide range of indicators from population and migration to economic structure and performance and from social well-being and equity to environment and sustainability, whereas the common approach of the rurality measurement is mainly focused on demographic indicators such as population and population densities. Against this background, the aim of this paper is to compare and evaluate rurality of EU member states, while identifying the place of Turkey’s rurality within EU on the basis of various selected rural indicators. The data and information used for comparison and evaluation of 26 countries (EU-25 and Turkey) are based on Eurostat and World Bank data. A multidimensional classification technique, factor analysis, is deployed to define Turkey’s rurality in the European context by means of 5 factors, viz. underdevelopment, demography, urbanization, higher education and industrialization. The results of our study show that northern and western European

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0031.

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Date of creation: 2009
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:2009-31

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  1. Dimitris Ballas & Thanasis Kalogeresis & Lois Labrianidis, 2003. "A comparative study of typologies for rural areas in Europe," ERSA conference papers ersa03p515, European Regional Science Association.
  2. Leeuwen, Eveline S. van & Nijkamp, Peter, 2004. "The Embeddedness of small enterprises to the rural local economy of small and medium sized towns," Serie Research Memoranda 0021, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. John Blunden & W. T. R. Pryce & Peter Dreyer, 1998. "The Classification of Rural Areas in the European Context: An Exploration of a Typology Using Neural Network Applications," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(2), pages 149-160.
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Cited by:
  1. Gülümser, A.A. & Baycan-Levent, T. & Nijkamp, Peter, 2008. "Changing trends in rural self-employment in Europe and Turkey," Serie Research Memoranda 0022, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  2. Gromicho, J.A.S. & Hoorn, J.J. van & Timmer, G.T., 2009. "Exponentially better than brute force: solving the jobshop scheduling problem optimally by dynamic programming," Serie Research Memoranda 0056, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. D'Amico, Mario & Coppola, Adele & Chinnici, Gaetano & Di Vita, Giuseppe & Pappalardo, Gioacchino, 2012. "EU Agricultural Systems in the new CAP perspectives," 126th Seminar, June 27-29, 2012, Capri, Italy 126116, European Association of Agricultural Economists.


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