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From national to supranational government inter-organizational systems : an extended typology


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  • Rukanova, B.

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Wigand, R.T.
  • Tan, Y.H.
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    While inter-organizational systems (IOS) driven by supranational government (here referred to as supranational IOS or SN IOS) are increasingly being developed and implemented in practice, this phenomenon remains largely unexplored in the existing literature. What makes such SN IOS specifically interesting to study is that their development and implementation is driven by supranational bodies (rather than businesses or national governments), implying that Member States have given up some of their sovereignty and decision-making power to a higher level body and are bound to implement the decisions of this higher-level body at their respective national level. In this process Member States are driven by their own agendas, which are often diverging and even conflicting with that of the supranational government. While standards are essential for the development and implementation of IOS, in a supranational context the processes of agreeing on standards as well as the subsequent development and adoption of systems based on these standards are quite challenging. This is due to diverging and conflicting agendas of Member State and supranational bodies. A key question then becomes: Are SN IOS a distinct organizational form of IOS such as industry IOS and, if so, what makes them different? In order to better understand the characteristics of SN IOS we develop a novel uniform and integrative typology, considering current IOS studies along two dimensions: (1) the type of interactions they support (business-to-business; government-to-government or business-to-government), and (2) scope (national, transnational). This typology then provides a comprehensive overview of how different types of IOS studies can be derived conceptually and related to each other across several levels of analysis, enabling us to reason about similarities and differences as well as suggesting improvements and knowledge transfer. In addition we provide an in- depth case study of the development and implementation of a SN IOS (i.e. here the New Computerized Transit System) in Europe in

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0001.

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    Date of creation: 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:2009-1

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    Keywords: supranational IOS; typology; standards; standards development; adoption; diffusion;

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


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    1. Nightingale, John, 1978. "On the Definition of 'Industry' and 'Market'," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(1), pages 31-40, September.
    2. Ron Johnston, 2005. "On journals," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 37(1), pages 2-8, January.
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