External orientation of second generation migrant entrepreneurs : a sectoral study on Amsterdam
AbstractA growing number of the second-generation migrant entrepreneurs and an orientation to non-traditional sectors have become the new trends in migrant entrepreneurship in recent years. Although traditional sectors are still the most popular among the first generation migrant entrepreneurs, because of the increasing pressure and high competitiveness in traditional areas, new niches are developing and while the first generation has more often become active in these new areas such as the producer services sector which includes finance, insurance, real estate and business-related professional services, the second generation have contributed to the emergence of new areas of immigrant business activity such as the ICT and the creative industries. Against this background, this study focuses on the external orientations of the second generation migrant entrepreneurs while addressing in particular the way – and the extent to which – the choice for entrepreneurship is made by higher-educated young ethnic generations. The empirical data of our study is based on in-depth personal interviews held in the first half of 2007. We employed a recently developed multivariate qualitative calissification method, coined rough set analysis in order to investigate the motivation, goals and strategies of second generation Turkish entrepreneurs in the ICT and the FIRE sector in the Netherlands. The results of our study show that the second generation Turkish entrepreneurs in the Netherlands have started to orient to new and non-traditional sectors like ICT and FIRE sectors. The motivation and driving forces of the second generation Turkish entrepreneurs are stemming from both their personal characteristics shaped by their higher educational level and their previous working experience as an employee or entrepreneur in the same sector. The demand for and a gap in the sector as well as the growing and promising structure of the sector play also an important role in pulling the second generation Turkish immigrants to become entrepreneur in
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0015.
Date of creation: 2008
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-11-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-ENT-2008-11-18 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-MIG-2008-11-18 (Economics of Human Migration)
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