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De ruimtelijke verdeling van economische activiteit: Agglomeratie- en locatiepatronen in Nederland

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  • De Dominicis, Laura

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Florax, Raymond J.G.M.
  • Groot, Henri L.F. de

Abstract

De ruimtelijke verdeling van locatie- en agglomeratievoordelen voor verschillende bedrijfsklassen in de industrie en de dienstverlening staat in toenemende mate in de belangstelling. Deze belangstelling, gevoed door theorieen over endogene economische groei, regionale ontwikkeling en de Nieuwe Economische Geografie, komt duidelijk tot uitdrukking in een groeiend aantal studies dat een verband legt tussen locatie- en agglomeratievoordelen enerzijds, en innovatiekracht, werkgelegenheid en economische groei anderzijds. Veel gebruikte concentratiematen in dit type onderzoek, zoals de Ellison-Glaeser index, de Gini-index en de Herfindahl- index, hebben als nadeel dat zij in essentie geen ruimtelijke dimensie hebben. Ruimtelijke patronen en afhankelijkheden blijven daardoor buiten beschouwing. Dit artikel wil voorzien in deze leemte en bevat, naast een overzicht van saillante recente ontwikkelingen in de theorie over de ruimtelijke verdeling van economische activiteit, een empirische analyse van agglomeratie- en locatiepatronen in Nederlandse gemeenten en COROP-regio’s. Daarbij maken we gebruik van relatief recente hulpmiddelen ontwikkeld in de ruimtelijke statistiek. Voor COROP-regio’s worden 24 bedrijfstakken onderscheiden, voor Nederlandse gemeenten vier. Beide analyses strekken zich uit tot de periode 1999 - 2003.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0018.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:2007-18

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Web page: http://www.feweb.vu.nl

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Cited by:
  1. Friso de Vor & Henri L.F. de Groot, 2008. "Agglomeration Externalities and Localized Employment Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-033/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Friso de Vor & Henri L.F. de Groot, 2008. "Agglomeration Externalities and Localized Employment Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-033/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Friso Vor & Henri Groot, 2010. "Agglomeration externalities and localized employment growth: the performance of industrial sites in Amsterdam," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 44(3), pages 409-431, June.

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