Differences between First-Generation and Second-Generation Ethnic start-ups : implications for a new support policy
AbstractThis paper studies to what extent first-generation ethnic entrepreneurs show a different motivation to start their own business, in comparison with their second-generation counterparts. Our research project contains empirical fieldwork among Turkish entrepreneurs in the Greater Amsterdam area. First-generation ethnic entrepreneurs are more motivated by discrimination, problems with the transferability of their diplomas and obtaining status, compared with their second-generation counterparts. The latter group derives more motivation trom blocked promotion to start their own business. We found no differences between both groups In their motives tor starting up, i.e. unemployment; need tor achievement; making use of market opportunities; striving for independence; and using their own special talents. The reasons tor finding fewer differences than expected between the two generations are discussed extensively in our paper. Having shown what these differences are between the two generations, we may have laid the basis tor a new support policy tor ethnic entrepreneurs. This new support policy is based on the need to pay attention to both the motives tor starting up business and the necessary preparatory activities. This contribution should be translated into a number of projects and programmes, as ethnic entrepreneurship is a multifaceted phenomenon with at least as many sides as there are ethnic groups.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0024.
Date of creation: 2003
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Business start-ups; Ethnic entrepreneurship; Amsterdam;
Other versions of this item:
- Enno Masurel & Peter Nijkamp, 2004. "Differences between first-generation and second-generation ethnic start-ups: implications for a new support policy," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 22(5), pages 721-737, October.
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
- H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
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- Frank A.G. den Butter & Enno Masurel & Robert Mosch, 2004. "The Economics of Co-ethnic Employment; Incentives, Welfare Effects and Policy Options," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-027/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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