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Differences between First-Generation and Second-Generation Ethnic start-ups : implications for a new support policy


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  • Masurel, Enno

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Nijkamp, Peter


This paper studies to what extent first-generation ethnic entrepreneurs show a different motivation to start their own business, in comparison with their second-generation counterparts. Our research project contains empirical fieldwork among Turkish entrepreneurs in the Greater Amsterdam area. First-generation ethnic entrepreneurs are more motivated by discrimination, problems with the transferability of their diplomas and obtaining status, compared with their second-generation counterparts. The latter group derives more motivation trom blocked promotion to start their own business. We found no differences between both groups In their motives tor starting up, i.e. unemployment; need tor achievement; making use of market opportunities; striving for independence; and using their own special talents. The reasons tor finding fewer differences than expected between the two generations are discussed extensively in our paper. Having shown what these differences are between the two generations, we may have laid the basis tor a new support policy tor ethnic entrepreneurs. This new support policy is based on the need to pay attention to both the motives tor starting up business and the necessary preparatory activities. This contribution should be translated into a number of projects and programmes, as ethnic entrepreneurship is a multifaceted phenomenon with at least as many sides as there are ethnic groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0024.

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Date of creation: 2003
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:2003-24

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Keywords: Business start-ups; Ethnic entrepreneurship; Amsterdam;

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Cited by:
  1. T�zin Baycan-Levent & Peter Nijkamp & Mediha Sahin, 2009. "The Urban Growth Potential of Second-Generation Migrant Entrepreneurs - A Sectoral Study on Amsterdam," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 09-026/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Frank A.G. den Butter & Enno Masurel & Robert Mosch, 2004. "The Economics of Co-ethnic Employment; Incentives, Welfare Effects and Policy Options," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-027/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Aytul Ayse OZDEMIR, 2010. "Potansiyel Girisimci Olan Kadinlarin Motivasyon Faktorleri ve Eskisehir’de Bir Arastirma," Ege Academic Review, Ege University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 10(1), pages 117-139.
  4. Ibrahim, Gamal & Galt, Vaughan, 2011. "Explaining ethnic entrepreneurship: An evolutionary economics approach," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 607-613.
  5. Baycan-Levent, T. & Nijkamp, P. & Sahin, M., 2008. "External orientation of second generation migrant entrepreneurs : a sectoral study on Amsterdam," Serie Research Memoranda 0015, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.


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