Beyond the adoption/ non-adoption dichotomy: the impact of innovation characteristics on potential adopters' transition through adoption process stages
AbstractResearch on innovation adoption has suffered from a bias towards understanding the factors that affect the dichotomous adoption/non-adoption decision. Much less attention is devoted to the question why potential adopters fail to progress to the adoption stage from earlier stages in the decision making process. Such knowledge is essential to understand what factors actually underlie the non-adoption of an innovation. As perceived innovation characteristics have been found to influence adoption in a substantial way, we develop hypotheses on their influence not only with respect to the adoption stage, but with respect to previous stages of the adoption process as well. Specifically, we develop hypotheses on the perceived levels and importance of relative advantage, compatibility, complexity and perceived risk in the awareness, evaluation, and adoption stages of the innovation adoption process. The hypotheses are tested using both multivariate analysis of variance and multinomial logit modeling on a sample of 242 organizations, focusing on the adoption process of electronic banking. The results show that the levels of perceived relative advantage and compatibility increase over the stages of the adoption process, whereas the perceived levels of complexity and risk largely decrease. The influence of the characteristics across the adoption stages shows that positive beliefs related to the innovation have highest salience in the initial stage of the process, whereas the salience of perceived complexity - generally considered an undesirable attribute - is highest in the final stage. In sum, our results imply that non-adopters are affected by innovation characteristics in a different way, depending on their stage in the adoption process, and therefore should not be considered as one homogeneous group of "potential adopters". These findings have important implications for marketing innovations.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0006.
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.feweb.vu.nl
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- L15 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Information and Product Quality
- M30 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Marketing and Advertising - - - General
- O33 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Technological Change; Research and Development; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-05-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-DCM-2002-05-14 (Discrete Choice Models)
- NEP-INO-2002-05-14 (Innovation)
You can help add them by filling out this form.
reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.Access and download statisticsgeneral information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (R. Dam).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.