Spatial economic impacts of developing international top office locations: a case study for Amsterdam South
AbstractA strong competition takes place between large European cities for attracting international head offices in especially the services sector. This paper investigates the spatial economic and employment impacts of developing such a top location. First, a theoretical overview is presented on generative economic growth and the locational behaviour of companies. Then attention is paid to the potential employment and spatial economic impacts (both distributive and generative) of such a project. In the second part of the paper, a case study is presented for Amsterdam South, which the local government wishes to develop as an international top office location. It appears that there are indications of generative employment impacts, but that there may also occur distributive effects, e.g. relocation of firms from the city centre towards the new location. It is concluded that both psychological factors and a careful planning are very important for the development of top locations. When a project is successful, new employment may be generated, but undesirable distributive impacts may be substantial.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0069.
Date of creation: 1997
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This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-03-14 (All new papers)
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- J H Dunning & G Norman, 1987. "The location choice of offices of international companies," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 19(5), pages 613-631, May.
- Rienstra, Sytze A. & Nijkamp, Peter, 1997. "The role of electric cars in Amsterdam's transport system in the year 2015: a scenario approach," Serie Research Memoranda 0028, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
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