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European freight transport and the environment: empirical applications and scenarios


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  • Nijkamp, Peter

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Reggiani, Aura
  • Bolis, Simona


Environmental issues have received a prominent place in transport policies of most European countries. The coordination of such policies however, is fraught with many difficulties. The increasing freight flows after the European integration are a source of concern, but have not yet led to straightforward and effective environmental strategies. The paper focuses on the Trans Alpine freight transport systems in the light of the future integration of single national transport systems into the European transport network. The environmental, social and institutional peculiarities of this 'region' have favoured - in the past - the development of strong nationally-oriented policies, partly in contrast with the goals promoted by the European Union. The present analysis aims to highlight opportunities and limits inherent in the implementation of various infrastructure projects oriented towards a drastic change of the Alpine transport systems structure. The Alpine countries, viz. Austria and Switzerland, play a central role in the promotion of environmental benign modes of transport of goods, with a clear focus on rail. The route choice and modal split of freight flows in Europe are simultaneously taking place. In the paper the results of European freight flow models (based on logit analysis and neural networks) will be presented. An important exercise is then to assess the

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Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0033.

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Date of creation: 1997
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:1997-33

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  1. Peter Nijkamp & Tommaso Tritapepe & Aura Reggiani, 1997. "Spatial choice behaviour: logit models and neural network analysis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 31(4), pages 411-429.
  2. Schumacher, Martin & Ro[ss]ner, Reinhard & Vach, Werner, 1996. "Neural networks and logistic regression: Part I," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 661-682, June.
  3. Aura Reggiani & Peter Nijkamp & Wai Fai Tsang, 1997. "European Freight Transport Analysis using Neural Networks and Logit Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-032/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. Nijkamp, Peter & Reggiani, Aura & Tsang, Wai Fai, 1997. "Models and scenarios for European freight transport based on neural networks and logit analysis," Serie Research Memoranda 0035, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  2. Reggiani, A. & Cattaneo, S & Janic, M., 2000. "Freight transport in Europe : policy issues and future scenarios on trans-border alpine connections," Serie Research Memoranda 0005, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.


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