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Spatial modal patterns in European freight transport networks: results of neurocomputing and logit models

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  • Reggiani, Aura

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Nijkamp, Peter
  • Nobilio, Lucia

Abstract

The present paper aims to analyse interregional freight transport movements in Europe with a view on forecasting future patterns of transport flows using simple economic scenarios. In view of the high dimension of our data-base on transport flows, two different approaches are compared, viz. the logit model and the neural network model. Logit models are well-known in the literature; however, applications of logit analysis to large samples are more rare. Neural networks are nowadays receiving a considerable attention as a new approach that is able to capture major patterns of flows, on the basis of fuzzy and incomplete information. In this context an assessment of this method on the basis of a large amount of data is an interesting research endeavour. The paper will essentially deal with a European research experiment, oriented towards both calibration/learning procedures and spatial forecasting, in order to compare the two above methodologies as well as to investigate the potential/limitations of the two above mentioned intrinsically different, but nevertheless related assessment methods. The application field is the assessment of European (mainly Transalpine) modal freight flows. The first results in this framework highlight the fact that the two models adopted, although methodologically of a different nature, are both able to provide a reasonable spatial mapping of the interregional transport flows under consideration.

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File URL: ftp://zappa.ubvu.vu.nl/19970029.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0029.

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Date of creation: 1997
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:1997-29

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Web page: http://www.feweb.vu.nl

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  1. Aura Reggiani & Peter Nijkamp & Wai Fai Tsang, 1997. "European Freight Transport Analysis using Neural Networks and Logit Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-032/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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