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Sustainable transport in a compact city

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  • Nijkamp, Peter

    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen en Econometrie (Free University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics Sciences, Business Administration and Economitrics)

  • Rienstra, Sytze A.

Abstract

Transport policies in many countries seek to achieve a modal shift from the private car to public transport, in order to reduce environmental externalities like (local) air pollution, stench and visual annoyance, congestion etc. At the same time, the relationship between the spatial organisation and transportation is widely acknowledged, because the spatial organisation determines which transport relations occur and how voluminous these are. The volume of the transport flows is again an important success factor for public transport. In this paper we will analyze whether and under what conditions a large scale collectivisation of urban transport is possible by adopting the compact city con­cept. These conditions may be found in e.g. the institutional, economie and socio- psychological field. Furthermore, some empirical results of a survey among Dutch transport experts on a more compact city and the resulting impact on urban transport will be presented. The conclusion is that the compact city is a necessary condition for a large scale collectivisation of transport, but that also many other factors are decisive for the question whether this policy be successful.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0042.

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Date of creation: 1995
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:vuarem:1995-42

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Web page: http://www.feweb.vu.nl

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Keywords: Urban transport;

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Cited by:
  1. Cees Gorter & Sytze A. Rienstra, 1997. "Factors influencing the Composition of the Urban Transport System in the Year 2030 - A Panel Analysis of Experts' Opinions," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 96-181/5, Tinbergen Institute.
  2. Rienstra, S.A. & Rietveld, P., 1996. "Speed behaviour of car drivers: a statistical analysis of acceptance of changes in speed policies in the Netherlands," Serie Research Memoranda 0007, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. Rienstra, Sytze A. & Nijkamp, Peter, 1997. "The role of electric cars in Amsterdam's transport system in the year 2015: a scenario approach," Serie Research Memoranda 0028, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.

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