Sustainable cities: challenges of an integrated planning approach
AbstractThis paper will identify specific planning conditions that arise when planning aims at sustainable development. First, attention will be paid to socio-ethical attitudes toward sustainability issues and to the reasons why much of the sustainability debate deserves an urban focus. Then, specific planning conditions will be discussed in relation to cities, such as a multiple actor situation, inertia in urban adjustment processes, and a segmentation in planning institutions. Furthermore, the paper will focus on economic behaviour in urban areas using urban sustainability as a broad frame of reference and emphasizing an increasing competition between cities. Then, attention will shift to urban policy in the field of environmental quality control (urban ecology). A necessary condition for the development of integrated planning for urban sustainability is the development of urban environmental data systems. Attention will therefore, focus on the so-called CBD structue of such information systems (Core - Basic - Distinct data) and the key factors for the success of such systems. The paper proceeds with a discussion of particular data needs in view of Environmental Impact Assessment. The paper will conclude with the essentials and challenges of an integrated planning approach, major obstacles to such an approach, and an inventory of directions where some progress already has been achieved.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics in its series Serie Research Memoranda with number 0018.
Date of creation: 1995
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Web page: http://www.feweb.vu.nl
Sustainable development; Urban development; Data systems; Environmental Impact Assessment;
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- Shunli Wang & Peter Nijkamp & Onno Kuik, 2001. "Global Environment Change Regimes," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 01-097/3, Tinbergen Institute.
- Davelaar, E.J. & Nijkamp, P., 1987. "Operational models on industrial innovation and spatial development : a case study for the Netherlands," Serie Research Memoranda 0058, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
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