Commuter Effects on Local Labour Markets: A German Modelling Study
AbstractThis paper offers an exploratory investigation of the effects of inbound commuter flows on employment in regional labour markets in Germany. For this purpose, we distinguish three main channels that may transmit the effects concerned: a crowding-out mechanism, and two labour demand effects, namely, an aggregate demand effect and a positive externality on vacancy creation. To this end, we develop a stepwise commuting impact model. Our results bring to light that, on the whole, commuter flows have a positive and robust effect on both employment and the number of jobs in the receiving labour market districts, but a distinctly negative effect on the share of jobs filled by resident workers. We then interpret the implications of our results, and, finally, we suggest ways in which the analysis could be improved and expanded.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 11-114/3.
Date of creation: 09 Aug 2011
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commuter flows; lacal labour markets;
Other versions of this item:
- Giovanni Russo & Peter Nijkamp & Aura Reggiani & Federico Tedeschi, 2011. "Commuters' effect on local labour markets: A german case study," ERSA conference papers ersa10p1376, European Regional Science Association.
- J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2011-08-15 (All new papers)
- NEP-LAB-2011-08-15 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-LMA-2011-08-15 (Labor Markets - Supply, Demand, & Wages)
- NEP-URE-2011-08-15 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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