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Regional Labour Markets and Job Accessibility in City Network Systems in Germany

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Author Info

  • Aura Reggiani

    (University of Bologna, Italy)

  • Pietro Bucci

    (Significance, The Hague, The Netherlands)

  • Giovanni Russo

    (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Anette Haas

    (Institute for Employment Research, Nuernberg, Germany)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    (VU University Amsterdam)

Abstract

Commuting is, therefore, an important equilibrating vehicle in a city network constellation. Cities act as attractors of commuters, as most economic activity occurs in cities, thus providing a high share of attractive workplaces. Cities that are centrally connected in a network may act as both centripetal and centrifugal forces in the whole system. The present paper focuses on what is named the City Network (CN) approach. A central idea is the accessibility concept, which is interpreted here as the potential of opportunity for interaction, which has a positive impact on economic growth. In our paper, the accessibility concept and the CN concept are linked together by positioning accessibility in the CN system. Since accessibility measures give geographical insights into the distribution of economic activities and the related (dis)equilibrium of regional development patterns, the connection with the labour market is evident, and, therefore, a second focus of our analysis. In an applied setting, our paper aims to investigate spatial accessibility patterns in the main CN in Germany. The 17 districts which belong to the country's CN were chosen from the 439 German labour market districts on the basis of three criteria: (a) their connection to the high speed railway network; (b) the most accessible districts according to previous results (2002); (c) relevant districts for the German economy. Our applied modelling research concerns home-to-work commuters travelling between the selected districts belonging to the German CN, for both 2003 and 2007. Here, a comparative analysis of the ranking of the most accessible districts - also for different intra-zonal travel times - is carried out in order to map out the changes in accessibility between 2003 and 2007, especially in the light of new high speed connections and commuting flow dynamics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 11-104/3.

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Date of creation: 28 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20110104

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: regional labour market; City Network; accessibility; commuting; German districts;

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References

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  1. Giovanni Russo & Aura Reggiani & Peter Nijkamp, 2007. "Spatial activity and labour market patterns: A connectivity analysis of commuting flows in Germany," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 41(4), pages 789-811, December.
  2. Nijkamp, P. & Abreu, M., 2009. "Regional development theory," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0029, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  3. Peter Nijkamp, 2008. "Xxq Factors For Sustainable Urban Development: A Systems Economics View," Romanian Journal of Regional Science, Romanian Regional Science Association, Romanian Regional Science Association, vol. 2(1), pages 1-34, June.
  4. Harald Uhlig, 2006. "Regional Labor Markets, Network Externalities and Migration: The Case of German Reunification," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2006-004, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
  5. John M. Quigley, 1998. "Urban Diversity and Economic Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 127-138, Spring.
  6. Jasper Willigers & Han Floor & Bert van Wee, 2007. "Accessibility indicators for location choices of offices: an application to the intraregional distributive effects of high-speed rail in the Netherlands," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 39(9), pages 2086-2098, September.
  7. Donald R. Davis & David E. Weinstein, 1997. "Economic Geography and Reginal Production Structure: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 6093, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Edward L. Glaeser, 1998. "Are Cities Dying?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 139-160, Spring.
  9. Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Granato, Nadia & Haas, Anette & Hamann, Silke, 2009. "Does labour mobility reduce disparities between regional labour markets in Germany?," IAB Discussion Paper 200915, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  10. A S Fotheringham, 1984. "Spatial flows and spatial patterns," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 16(4), pages 529-543, April.
  11. Edward L. Glaeser & David Laibson & Bruce Sacerdote, 2000. "The Economic Approach to Social Capital," NBER Working Papers 7728, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. repec:kas:wpaper:2006-81 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. J. Vernon Henderson & Ari Kuncoro & Matthew Turner, 1992. "Industrial Development in Cities," NBER Working Papers 4178, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Eckhardt Bode, 2006. "Commuting, Externalities, and the Geographical Sizes of Metropolitan Areas," Kiel Working Papers 1289, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
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Cited by:
  1. P. Nijkamp & A. Reggiani, 2012. "Did Zipf Anticipate Socio-Economic Spatial Networks?," Working Papers wp816, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.

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