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The Economic Impact of Immigration on the Labor Market of Host Countries - Meta-Analytic Evidence

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Author Info

  • Simonetta Longhi

    (Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    (Department of Spatial Economics, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

  • Jacques Poot

    (Population Studies Centre, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand)

Abstract

The number of immigrants across the world has doubled since 1980. The estimates of the impact of immigration on wages and employment in host countries are quantitatively small but vary widely. We use meta-regression analysis to show how the estimates vary with definitions of the labor market, the extent of substitutability of foreign and native workers, and controls for endogeneity of immigrant settlement. On average, the impact on employment of the native born is smaller than on wages, and impacts are generally smaller in the U.S. than in other countries studied to date. From the policy perspective, attention must now focus on distributional and long-run productivity effects.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 11-103/3.

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Date of creation: 28 Jul 2011
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20110103

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Keywords: Immigration; Labour Market;

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References

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  1. Saiz, Albert, 2006. "Immigration and Housing Rents in American Cities," IZA Discussion Papers 2189, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Anna Maria Mayda, 2004. "Who is Against Immigration? A Cross-Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes toward Immigrants," Development Working Papers, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano 187, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  3. Joseph G. Altonji & David Card, 1991. "The Effects of Immigration on the Labor Market Outcomes of Less-skilled Natives," NBER Chapters, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, in: Immigration, Trade and the Labor Market, pages 201-234 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Simonetta Longhi & Peter Nijkamp & Jacques Poot, 2004. "A Meta-Analytic Assessment of the Effect of Immigration on Wages," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 04-134/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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  6. S. Longhi & P. Nijkamp & J. Poot, 2008. "Meta-Analysis of Empirical Evidence on the Labour Market Impacts of Immigration," Population Studies Centre Discussion Papers, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre dp-67, University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
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