The Impact of Gender Diversity on the Performance of Business Teams: Evidence from a Field Experiment
AbstractThis paper reports on a field experiment conducted to estimate the impact of the share of women in business teams on their performance. Teams consisting of undergraduate students in business studies start up a venture as part of their curriculum. We manipulated the gender composition of teams and assigned students randomly to teams, conditional on their gender. We find that teams with an equal gender mix perform better than male-dominated teams in terms of sales and profits. We explore various mechanisms suggested in the literature to explain this positive effect of gender diversity on performance (including complementarities, learning, monitoring, and conflicts) but find no support for them. The paper was accepted for publication in Management Science .
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 11-074/3.
Date of creation: 11 Apr 2011
Date of revision: 01 May 2014
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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl
Gender diversity; team performance; entrepreneurship; field experiment; entrepreneurship education; board effectiveness;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
- L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
- C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
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- Laura Rosendahl Huber & Randolph Sloof & Mirjam van Praag, 2012.
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Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
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Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
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- Hoogendoorn, Sander M. & van Praag, Mirjam, 2012. "Ethnic Diversity and Team Performance: A Field Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 6731, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Stefan Bauernschuster & Anita Fichtl, 2013. "Brauchen wir eine gesetzliche Frauenquote?," Ifo Schnelldienst, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(02), pages 39-48, 01.
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