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The Impact of Cross-Border Banking on Financial Stability

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Author Info

  • Dirk Schoenmaker

    (Duisenberg School of Finance & VU University Amsterdam)

  • Wolf Wagner

    (CentER, Tilburg University & European Banking Center, Tilburg)

Abstract

This paper focuses on the stability aspects of cross-border banking. We first argue that cross-border banking brings about various benefits and costs for financial stability. Based on this, we draw conclusions for the desirability of cross-border banking in the EU, and derive implications for its optimal form. Next, we derive metrics that allow quantifying whether cross-border banking in a country (or region) takes a desirable form and apply these metrics to the EU countries. Our results suggest that the countries with the largest banking centers, UK and Germany, are well diversified. By contrast, the New Member States (NMS) are highly dependent on a few West-European banks and thus vulnerable to contagion effects. The Nordic and Baltic regions are also much interwoven without much diversification. At the system-wide level, the EU banking system is weakly diversified, with an overexposure to the US and an underexposure to Japan and China. This explains why the recent US originated financial crisis had such a large impact on European banks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 11-054/2/DSF18.

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Date of creation: 17 Mar 2011
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20110054

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: International Banking; Portfolio Diversification; Financial Stability;

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References

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  1. Ralph De Haas & Iman Van Lelyveld, 2008. "Internal capital markets and lending by multinational bank subsidiaries," Working Papers 105, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  2. Ralph de Haas & Iman van Lelyveld, 2003. "Foreign Banks and Credit Stability in Central and Eastern Europe: A Panel Data Analysis," DNB Staff Reports (discontinued) 109, Netherlands Central Bank.
  3. R. T.A. de Haas & I. P.P van Lelyveld, 2004. "Foreign Bank Penetration and Private Sector Credit in Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Emerging Market Finance, Institute for Financial Management and Research, vol. 3(2), pages 125-151, August.
  4. Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan & Elias Papaioannou & José Luis Peydró, 2009. "Financial Regulation, Financial Globalization and the Synchronization of Economic Activity," NBER Working Papers 14887, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Cross-border banking and financial stability
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2011-05-04 01:54:00
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Cited by:
  1. Peter Claeys & Borek Vašícek, 2013. "“How systemic is Spain for Europe?”," IREA Working Papers 201301, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Feb 2013.
  2. repec:cmj:journl:y:2013:i:29:gutu is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Alesia Kalbaska, 2013. "From Sovereigns to Banks: Evidence on Cross-border Contagion (2006-2011)," Department of Economics University of Siena 680, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  4. Franziska Bremus, 2011. "Financial Integration and Macroeconomic Stability: What Role for Large Banks?," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1178, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  5. Gajewski, Krzysztof & Olszewski, Krzysztof & Pawłowska, Małgorzata & Rogowski, Wojciech & Tchorek, Grzegorz & Zięba, Jolanta, 2012. "Integracja finansowa w Europie po wprowadzeniu euro. Przegląd literatury
    [Financial integration in Europe after the introduction of the euro. A literature overview]
    ," MPRA Paper 42482, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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