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Growing richer and taller: Explaining Change in the Distribution of Child Nutritional Status during Vietnam’s Economic Boom

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  • Owen O'Donnell

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam, University of Macedonia, Greece)

  • �ngel L�pez Nicol�s

    ()
    (Universidad Politecnica de Cartagena, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain)

  • Eddy van Doorslaer

    ()
    (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

Abstract

Over a five-year period in the 1990s Vietnam experienced annual economic growth of more than 8% and a decrease of 15 points in the proportion of children chronically malnourished (stunted). We estimate the extent to which changes in the distribution of child nutritional status can be explained by changes in the level and distribution of income, and of other covariates. This is done using data from the 1993 and 1998 Vietnam Living Standards Surveys and a flexible decomposition technique that explains change throughout the complete distribution of child height. One-half of the decrease in the proportion of children stunted is explained by changes in the distributions of covariates and 35% is explained by change in the distribution of income. Covariates, including income, explain less of the decrease in very severe malnutrition, which is largely attributable to change in the conditional distribution of child height. This discussion paper has resulted in a publication in the Journal of Development Economics , 2009, 88(1), 45-58.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 07-008/3.

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Date of creation: 16 Jan 2007
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20070008

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

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Keywords: Malnutrition; child height; decomposition; quantile regression; Vietnam;

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  2. Binh Nguyen & James Albrecht & Susan Vroman & Daniel Westbrook, 2003. "A Quantile Regression Decomposition of Urban-Rural Inequality in Vietnam," Working Papers, Georgetown University, Department of Economics gueconwpa~03-03-31, Georgetown University, Department of Economics.
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  12. World Bank, 2006. "Repositioning Nutrition as Central to Development : A Strategy for Large Scale Action," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7409, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Mejía Acosta, Andrés & Haddad, Lawrence, 2014. "The politics of success in the fight against malnutrition in Peru," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 26-35.
  2. Nguyen, Minh Cong & Winters, Paul, 2011. "The impact of migration on food consumption patterns: The case of Vietnam," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 71-87, February.
  3. G淡rgens, Tue & Meng, Xin & Vaithianathan, Rhema, 2010. "Stunting and Selection Effects of Famine: A Case Study of the Great Chinese Famine," CEI Working Paper Series, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University 2010-2, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  4. Azzarri, Carlo & Zezza, Alberto, 2011. "International migration and nutritional outcomes in Tajikistan," Food Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 54-70, February.
  5. Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay & Samrat Bhattacharya & Rudra Sensarma, 2011. "An Analysis of the Factors Determining Crime in England and Wales: A Quantile Regression Approach," Discussion Papers, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham 11-12, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
  6. Pham, Thong Le & Kooreman, Peter & Koning, Ruud H. & Wiersma, Doede, 2011. "Gender Patterns in Vietnam's Child Mortality," IZA Discussion Papers 5741, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Dolores Jiménez-Rubio & Cristina Hernández-Quevedo, 2011. "Inequalities in the use of health services between immigrants and the native population in Spain: what is driving the differences?," The European Journal of Health Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 17-28, February.
  8. Paul E. Carrillo & Jonathan Rothbaum, 2014. "Counterfactual Spatial Distributions," Working Papers, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy 2014-05, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  9. de Meijer, Claudine & O’Donnell, Owen & Koopmanschap, Marc & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 2013. "Health expenditure growth: Looking beyond the average through decomposition of the full distribution," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 88-105.

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