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On the Practice of Bayesian Inference in Basic Economic Time Series Models using Gibbs Sampling

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Author Info

  • Michiel D. de Pooter

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

  • Ren� Segers

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

  • Herman K. van Dijk

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

Abstract

Several lessons learned from a Bayesian analysis of basic economic time series models by means of the Gibbs sampling algorithm are presented. Models include the Cochrane-Orcutt model for serial correlation, the Koyck distributed lag model, the Unit Root model, the Instrumental Variables model and as Hierarchical Linear Mixed Models, the State-Space model and the Panel Data model. We discuss issues involved when drawing Bayesian inference on regression parameters and variance components, in particular when some parameter have substantial posterior probability near the boundary of the parameter region, and show that one should carefully scan the shape of the posterior density function. Analytical, graphical and empirical results are used along the way.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 06-076/4.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2006
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20060076

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: Gibbs sampler; MCMC; serial correlation; non-stationarity; reduced rank models; state-space models; random effects panel data models;

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  1. repec:cup:etheor:v:12:y:1996:i:3:p:409-31 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Chang-Jin Kim & Charles R. Nelson, 1999. "State-Space Models with Regime Switching: Classical and Gibbs-Sampling Approaches with Applications," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262112388, December.
  3. Barro, Robert J, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-43, May.
  4. Gary Koop & Herman K. van Dijk & Henk Hoek, 1997. "Testing for Integration using Evolving Trend and Seasonals Models: A Bayesian Approach," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-078/4, Tinbergen Institute.
  5. Kleibergen, Frank & van Dijk, Herman K., 1998. "Bayesian Simultaneous Equations Analysis Using Reduced Rank Structures," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(06), pages 701-743, December.
  6. Heij, Christiaan & de Boer, Paul & Franses, Philip Hans & Kloek, Teun & van Dijk, Herman K., 2004. "Econometric Methods with Applications in Business and Economics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199268016, October.
  7. Siddhartha Chib & Edward Greenberg, 1994. "Markov Chain Monte Carlo Simulation Methods in Econometrics," Econometrics 9408001, EconWPA, revised 24 Oct 1994.
  8. HOOGERHEIDE, Lennart F. & KAASHOEK, Johan F. & van DIJK, Herman K., . "On the shape of posterior densities and credible sets in instrumental variable regression models with reduced rank: an application of flexible sampling methods using neural networks," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1922, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  9. Kim, Chang-Jin & Nelson, Charles R, 1989. "The Time-Varying-Parameter Model for Modeling Changing Conditional Variance: The Case of the Lucas Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 7(4), pages 433-40, October.
  10. Geweke, J, 1993. "Bayesian Treatment of the Independent Student- t Linear Model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(S), pages S19-40, Suppl. De.
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  12. de Pooter, M.D. & Segers, R. & van Dijk, H.K., 2006. "Gibbs sampling in econometric practice," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2006-13, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
  13. Kleibergen, Frank & van Dijk, Herman K., 1994. "On the Shape of the Likelihood/Posterior in Cointegration Models," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(3-4), pages 514-551, August.
  14. Schotman, Peter & van Dijk, Herman K., 1991. "A Bayesian analysis of the unit root in real exchange rates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1-2), pages 195-238.
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