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Analysis of Environmental Costs of Mobility due to Urban Sprawl - A Modelling Study on Italian Cities

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Author Info

  • Chiara M. Travisi

    ()
    (DIG, Politecnico di Milano, and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei)

  • Roberto Camagni

    ()
    (DIG, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, Italy)

  • Peter Nijkamp

    ()
    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands)

Abstract

A sound empirical and quantitative analysis on the relationship between different patterns of urban expansion and the environmental or social costs of mobility is rare, and the few studies available provide at best a qualitative discussion of these issues. Some recent tentative studies on the metropolitan area of Milan have empirically explored whether different patterns of urban expansion generate different levels of land use and heterogeneous impacts of urban mobility. The results confirmed the expectation that a higher environmental impact of mobility may result from more extensive and sprawling urban development, from recent urbanisation processes and from residential specialisation. The present paper extends the previous empirical analysis to seven major Italian metropolitan areas (namely, Bari, Florence, Naples, Padua, Perugia, Potenza and Turin) in order to corroborate the previous tentative results for the Italian context. The novelty of the present paper is threefold. First, we are interested in exploring the changes that have occurred due to the increased intensity of mobility across a ten-year period, from 1981 to 1991, which corresponds to the Italian economic boom years. Secondly, using an econometric analysis of cross-section data, we consider several metropolitan areas simultaneously, and are therefore able to explore whether there are significant differences in the way the model explains variations in the mobility impact across various Italian urban areas. And finally, we offer a structural interpretation of the causal chain in the explanation of the mobility impact intensity by using Causal Path Analysis as a statistical test framework.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 06-042/3.

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Date of creation: 01 May 2006
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20060042

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: urban mobility; sprawl; environmental costs; self-containment capacity; causal path analysis;

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  1. Boarnet, Marlon & Crane, Randall, 2001. "The influence of land use on travel behavior: specification and estimation strategies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(9), pages 823-845, November.
  2. Nijkamp, Peter, 1994. "Roads toward environmentally sustainable transport," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 261-271, July.
  3. Bhat, Chandra R. & Singh, Sujit K., 2000. "A comprehensive daily activity-travel generation model system for workers," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 1-22, January.
  4. Camagni, Roberto & Gibelli, Maria Cristina & Rigamonti, Paolo, 2002. "Urban mobility and urban form: the social and environmental costs of different patterns of urban expansion," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 199-216, February.
  5. Camagni, Roberto & Capello, Roberta & Nijkamp, Peter, 1998. "Towards sustainable city policy: an economy-environment technology nexus," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 103-118, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Andrea CIRILLI & Paolo VENERI, 2008. "Spatial structure and mobility patterns: towards a taxonomy of the Italian urban systems," Working Papers, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali 313, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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