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Strong Ties in a Small World

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Author Info

  • Marco van der Leij

    ()
    (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

  • Sanjeev Goyal

    ()
    (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, and University of Essex)

Abstract

In this paper we test the celebrated `Strength of weak ties' theory of Granovetter (1973). We test two hypotheses on the network structure in a data set of collaborating economists. While we find support for the hypothesis of transitivity of strong ties, we reject the hypothesis that weak ties reduce distance more than strong ties do. We relate this surprising result to two different views of society. Whereas the classical view has been that society consists of different communities with strong ties within communities and weak ties between, the community of economic researchers has an interlinked star structure with strong ties between the stars. In such a world, strong ties are more important than weak ties.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 06-008/1.

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Date of creation: 10 Jun 2006
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20060008

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: network structure; social network; social capital; economic sociology; coauthorship; research; collaboration;

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References

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  1. Antoni Calvó-Armengol & Matthew O. Jackson, 2004. "The Effects of Social Networks on Employment and Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(3), pages 426-454, June.
  2. Sanjeev Goyal & Marco van der Leij & Jose Luis Moraga, 2004. "Economics: An Emerging Small World?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-001/1, Tinbergen Institute.
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Cited by:
  1. Chakraborty, Shankha & Papageorgiou, Chris & Pérez Sebastián, Fidel, 2010. "Diseases, infection dynamics, and development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(7), pages 859-872, October.
  2. María Dolores Guilló Fuentes & Alfonsa Denia Cuesta, 2011. "Labour status and involuntary employment: family ties and part-time work in Spain," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-11, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  3. Simone Alfarano & Andrea Morone & Eva Camacho, 2011. "The role of public and private information in a laboratory financial market," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-06, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  4. Miguel Sánchez Villalba, 2010. "Tax Evasion as a Global Game (TEGG) in the laboratory," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-10, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  5. Climent Quintana-Domeque, 2008. "Preferences, Comparative Advantage, and Compensating Wage Differentials for Job Routinization," Working Papers 1063, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  6. M. Belén Cobacho & Mariano Bosch, 2011. "Discrimination in second hand consumer markets: evidence from a field experiment," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-09, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  7. Marcel Fafchamps & Marco van der Leij & Sanjeev Goyal, 2009. "Matching and network effects," Working Papers. Serie AD 2009-15, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  8. Amedeo Piolatto & Florian Schuett, 2011. "A model of music piracy with popularity-dependent copying costs," Working Papers 2011/5, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  9. Бьянкани С. & Макфарланд Д., 2013. "Значение Социальных Сетей В Высшем Образовании (Пер.С Англ. Н. Микшиной)," Вопросы образования // Educational Studies, НИУ ВШЭ, issue 4, pages 85-126.
  10. Marcel Fafchamps & Marco J. van der Leij, 2006. "Scientific Networks and Co-authorship," Economics Series Working Papers 256, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  11. José Alcalde Pérez & José Angel Silva Reus & María del Carmen Marco Gil, 2010. "A new prospect of additivity in bankruptcy problems," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-27, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  12. Giulio Cainelli & Mario Maggioni & Erika Uberti & Annunziata De Felice, 2010. "The strength of strong ties: Co-authorship and productivity among Italian economists," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0125, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  13. Andrea Fracasso & Stefano Schiavo, 2009. "Trade-imbalances networks and exchange rate adjustments: the paradox of a new Plaza. The XIVth Spring Meeting of Young Economists (SMYE-2009), Istanbul, April 2009," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/10028, Sciences Po.
  14. Francisco Martínez-Sánchez & Javier M. López Cuñat, 2011. "Anti-piracy policy and quality differential in markets for information goods," Working Papers. Serie AD 2011-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  15. Dotan Persitz, 2009. "Power in the Heterogeneous Connections Model: The Emergence of Core-Periphery Networks," Working Papers 2009.42, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  16. Giorgio Fagiolo & Javier Reyes & Stefano Schiavo, 2010. "The evolution of the world trade web: a weighted-network analysis," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 20(4), pages 479-514, August.
  17. M. Angeles Carnero Fernández & Blanca Martínez & Rocío Sánchez Mangas, 2010. "Mobbing and workers' health: an empirical analysis for Spain," Working Papers. Serie AD 2010-30, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).

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