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Antitrust in Open Economies

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  • Joseph Francois

    ()
    (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam)

  • Henrik Horn

    ()
    (IIES, Stockholm)

Abstract

We examine antitrust rules in a two county general equilibrium trade model, contrasting national and multilateral (cooperative) determination of competition policy, exploring the properties of the policy equilibrium. It is not imperfect competition, but variation in competitive stance between sectors that matters for trading partners. Beggar-thy-neighbor competition policies relate to countries' comparative advantages, and hurt the factor intensively used, or specific to, the imperfectly competitive sector. They also create a competitive advantage for export firms. FDI can be pro-competitive in this context, reducing the scope for beggar-thy-neighbor policies and reducing the gains from a multilateral competition agreement.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 06-006/2.

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Date of creation: 06 Jan 2006
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20060006

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: antitrust; competition policy; merger policy; trade and imperfect competition; FDI;

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  1. Jonathan Eaton & Gene M. Grossman, 1983. "Optimal Trade and Industrial Policy Under Oligopoly," NBER Working Papers 1236, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Keith Head & John Ries, 1997. "International Mergers and Welfare under Decentralized Competition Policy," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 1104-23, November.
  3. J Peter Neary, 2002. "Globalisation and Market Structure," Working Papers, School Of Economics, University College Dublin 200220, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
  4. Horn, Henrik & Levinsohn, James A, 2000. "Merger Policies And Trade Liberalization," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 2459, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Campa, Jose & Donnenfeld, Shabtai & Weber, Shlomo, 1998. "Market Structure and Foreign Direct Investment," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(3), pages 361-80, August.
  6. Markusen, James R. & Venables, Anthony J., 1988. "Trade policy with increasing returns and imperfect competition : Contradictory results from competing assumptions," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(3-4), pages 299-316, May.
  7. Joseph F. Francois & Henrik Horn, 1998. "Competition Policy in an Open Economy," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 98-092/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Auquier, A A & Caves, R E, 1979. "Monopolistic Export Industries, Trade Taxes, and Optimal Competition Policy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 89(355), pages 559-81, September.
  9. Mark Rysman, 2000. "Competition Policy as Strategic Trade," Papers, Boston University - Industry Studies Programme 0100, Boston University - Industry Studies Programme.
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Cited by:
  1. Dermot Leahy & J. Peter Neary, 2010. "Oligopoly And Trade," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth n215-10.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
  2. Joseph Francois & Ian Wooton, 2010. "Market Structure and Market Access," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(7), pages 873-893, 07.

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