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Productive Government Expenditure in Monetary Business Cycle Models

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  • Ludger Linnemann

    ()
    (University of Cologne)

  • Andreas Schabert

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics and Econometrics, Universiteit van Amsterdam)

Abstract

This paper assesses the transmission of fiscal policy shocks in a New Keynesian framework where government expenditures contribute to aggregate production. It is shown that even if the impact of government expenditures on production is small, this assumption helps to reconcile the models' predictions about fiscal policy effects with recent empirical evidence. In particular, it is shown that government expenditures can cause a rise in private consumption, real wages, and employment if the government share is not too large and public finance does not solely rely on distortionary taxation. When government expenditures are partially financed by public debt, unit labor costs fall in response to a fiscal expansion, such that inflation tends to decline. Households are willing to raise consumption if monetary policy is active, i.e. ensures that the real interest rate rises with inflation. Otherwise, private consumption can also be crowded-out, as in the conventional case where government expenditures are not productive. The interaction between monetary and fiscal policy is thus decisive for the short-run macroeconomic effects of government expenditure shocks.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 05-053/2.

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Date of creation: 30 May 2005
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20050053

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Related research

Keywords: Productive government expenditures; private consumption; distortionary taxation; monetary and fiscal policy interaction;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Juha Tervala, 2009. "Productive government spending and private consumption: a pessimistic view," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(1), pages 416-425.
  2. Albertini, Julien & Poirier, Arthur & Roulleau-Pasdeloup, Jordan, 2014. "The composition of government spending and the multiplier at the zero lower bound," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 31-35.
  3. Ganelli, Giovanni & Tervala, Juha, 2010. "Public infrastructures, public consumption, and welfare in a new-open-economy-macro model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 827-837, September.
  4. Furlanetto, Francesco, 2011. "Fiscal stimulus and the role of wage rigidity," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 512-527, April.
  5. Ganelli, Giovanni & Tervala, Juha, 2009. "Can government spending increase private consumption? The role of complementarity," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 5-7, April.
  6. Jordan Roulleau-Pasdeloup, 2013. "The Productive Government Spending Multiplier, In and Out of The Zero Lower Bound," Working Papers 2013-02, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  7. Iwata, Yasuharu, 2013. "Two fiscal policy puzzles revisited: New evidence and an explanation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 188-207.
  8. Yasuharu Iwata, 2011. "The Government Spending Multiplier and Fiscal Financing: Insights from Japan," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 231-264, 06.
  9. Francesco FURLANETTO, 2007. "Fiscal Shocks and the Consumption Response when Wages are Sticky," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 07.11, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
  10. Jha, Shikha & Mallick, Sushanta K. & Park, Donghyun & Quising, Pilipinas F., 2014. "Effectiveness of countercyclical fiscal policy: Evidence from developing Asia," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 82-98.
  11. Hafedh Bouakez & Michel Guillard & Jordan Roulleau-Pasdeloup, 2014. "Public Investment, Time to Build, and the Zero Lower Bound," Cahiers de recherche 1402, CIRPEE.
  12. Juha Tervala, 2008. "Productive Government Spending, Welfare and Exchange Rate Dynamics," Financial Theory and Practice, Institute of Public Finance, vol. 32(2), pages 97-114.

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