Schooling, Capital Constraints and Entrepreneurial Performance
AbstractWe estimate the impact of schooling and capital constraints at the time of startup on the performance of Dutch entrepreneurial ventures, taking into account the potential endogeneity and interdependence of these variables. Instrumental variable estimates indicate that a 1 percentage point relaxation of capital constraints increases entrepreneurs' gross business incomes by 3.9% on average. Education enhances entrepreneurs' performance both directly—with a rate of return of 13.7%—and indirectly, because each extra year of schooling decreases capital constraints by 1.18 percentage points. The indirect effect of education on entrepreneurs' performance is estimated to be 3.0–4.6%. This discussion paper has resulted in a publication in the Journal of Business and Economic Statistics , 24(4), 416-31.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 04-106/3.
Date of creation: 23 Sep 2004
Date of revision: 07 Mar 2005
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entrepreneurship; self-employment; returns to education; capital constraint; liquidity constraint; borrowing constraint;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2004-10-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-BEC-2004-10-21 (Business Economics)
- NEP-ENT-2004-10-21 (Entrepreneurship)
- NEP-MFD-2004-10-21 (Microfinance)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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