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Trade Liberalization and Developing Countries under the Doha Round

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Author Info

  • J. Francois

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam, and CEPR)

  • H. van Meijl

    ()
    (LEI, Wageningen University and Research Centre)

  • F. van Tongeren

    ()
    (LEI, Wageningen University and Research Centre)

Abstract

We explore the impact of multilateral liberalization, with emphasison distributional effects across countries. We first develop a realistic "base1ine" that takes into account events such as the entry of China into the WTO and the enlargement of the EU, allowing us to focus on those effects that are specifically attributable to further trade liberalization in the Doha Round. We then employ a global applied general equilibrium model, featuring capital accumulation and imperfect competition. Our Doha scenarios include agriculture, manufactures, and services liberalization, and trade facilitation. With agglomeration, OECD agricultural liberalization is not uniform1y positive for developing countries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 03-060/2.

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Date of creation: 24 Jul 2003
Date of revision: 30 Aug 2003
Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20030060

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

Related research

Keywords: WTO; Doha Round; trade liberalization; services trade; trade facilitation; CGE modeling;

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  1. Robert E. Hall, 1986. "The Relation Between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," NBER Working Papers 1785, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Frandsen, Soren E. & Jensen, Hans Grinsted, 2002. "Reforming the EU Sugar Policy," 2002 International Congress, August 28-31, 2002, Zaragoza, Spain 24837, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
  3. Francois, Joseph & Bradley McDonald, 1996. "Liberalization and Capital Accumulation in the GTAP Model," GTAP Technical Papers 310, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
  4. Ethier, Wilfred J, 1982. "National and International Returns to Scale in the Modern Theory of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 389-405, June.
  5. Joaquim Oliveira Martins & Stefano Scarpetta & Dirk Pilat, 1996. "Mark-Up Ratios in Manufacturing Industries: Estimates for 14 OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 162, OECD Publishing.
  6. Francois, Joseph, 1998. "Scale Economies and Imperfect Competition in the GTAP Model," GTAP Technical Papers 317, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
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