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How Large are Search Frictions?

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  • Pieter A. Gautier

    ()
    (Erasmus University of Rotterdam)

  • Coen N. Teulings

    ()
    (University of Amsterdam)

Abstract

This paper shows that we can normalize job and worker characteristics so that, without frictions,there exists a linear relationship between wages on the one hand and worker and job type indiceson the other. However, for five European countries and the United States we find strong evidencefor a systematic concave relationship. An assignment model with search frictions provides aparsimonious explanation for our findings. This model yields two restrictions on the coefficientsthat fit the data well. Allowing for unobserved heterogeneity and measurement error, we findthat reservation wages are 25% lower than they would be in a frictionless world. Our resultsrelate to the literature on industry wage differentials and on structural identification in hedonicmodels. See publication in the Journal of the European Economic Association , 2006, 4(6), 1193-1225.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 03-026/3.

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Date of creation: 27 Mar 2003
Date of revision: 22 Aug 2005
Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20030026

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Keywords: wages; search; assignment.;

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References

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  1. Gautier, Pieter & Teulings, Coen & van Vuuren, Aico, 2005. "On-The-Job Search and Sorting," IZA Discussion Papers 1687, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Bound, John & Krueger, Alan B, 1991. "The Extent of Measurement Error in Longitudinal Earnings Data: Do Two Wrongs Make a Right?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(1), pages 1-24, January.
  3. Ekeland, Ivar & Heckman, James J. & Nesheim, Lars, 2003. "Identification and Estimation of Hedonic Models," IZA Discussion Papers 853, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Coen N. Teulings & Pieter A. Gautier, 2004. "The Right Man for the Job," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 71(2), pages 553-580.
  5. Teulings, Coen N, 1995. "The Wage Distribution in a Model of the Assignment of Skills to Jobs," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(2), pages 280-315, April.
  6. Shimer, R. & Smith, L., 1997. "Assortative Matching and Search," Working papers, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics 97-2b, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Coen N. Teulings & José A.C. Vieira, 1998. "Urban versus Rural Return to Human Capital in Portugal, A Cook-Book Recipe for Applying Assignment Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 98-095/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 20 Sep 2002.
  8. Krueger, Alan B & Summers, Lawrence H, 1988. "Efficiency Wages and the Inter-industry Wage Structure," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 56(2), pages 259-93, March.
  9. William T. Dickens & Lawrence F. Katz, 1987. "Inter-Industry Wage Differences and Theories of Wage Determination," NBER Working Papers 2271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Gautier, P.A. & Teulings, C.N., 2009. "Search and the city," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 251-265, May.
  11. John M. Abowd (corresponding) & Francis Kramarz, 2004. "Are Good Workers Employed by Good Firms? A Simple Test of Positive Assortative Matching Models," Econometric Society 2004 North American Winter Meetings, Econometric Society 385, Econometric Society.
  12. Berg, G.J. & Ridder, G., 1993. "An empirical equilibrium search model of the labour market," Serie Research Memoranda, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics 0039, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  13. Abowd, J.M. & Kramarz, F. & Margolis, D.N., 1995. "High-Wage Workers and High-Wage Firms," Cahiers de recherche, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ 9503, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  14. Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2002. "Equilibrium Wage Dispersion with Worker and Employer Heterogeneity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 70(6), pages 2295-2350, November.
  15. Abowd, John M & Lemieux, Thomas, 1993. "The Effects of Product Market Competition on Collective Bargaining Agreements: The Case of Foreign Competition in Canada," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 108(4), pages 983-1014, November.
  16. Kahn, Shulamit & Lang, Kevin, 1988. "Efficient Estimation of Structural Hedonic Systems," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 29(1), pages 157-66, February.
  17. Lawrence F. Katz & Kevin M. Murphy, 1991. "Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors," NBER Working Papers 3927, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Kenneth Burdett & Dale T. Mortensen, 1989. "Equilibrium Wage Differentials and Employer Size," Discussion Papers, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science 860, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  19. Jovanovic, Boyan, 1979. "Job Matching and the Theory of Turnover," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 972-90, October.
  20. Joshua Angrist & Alan Krueger, 1990. "Does Compulsory School Attendance Affect Schooling and Earnings?," Working Papers, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section. 653, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
  21. Heckman, James J & Sedlacek, Guilherme, 1985. "Heterogeneity, Aggregation, and Market Wage Functions: An Empirical Model of Self-selection in the Labor Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(6), pages 1077-1125, December.
  22. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
  23. Sattinger, Michael, 1975. "Comparative Advantage and the Distributions of Earnings and Abilities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 43(3), pages 455-68, May.
  24. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1999. "Empirical Inference with Equilibrium Search Models of the Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages F283-306, June.
  25. Coen N. Teulings, 2002. "Comparative Advantage, Relative Wages, and the Accumulation of Human Capital," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 02-081/3, Tinbergen Institute, revised 08 Apr 2005.
  26. Coen N. Teulings & P.A. Gautier, 2002. "Search and the City," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 02-061/3, Tinbergen Institute.
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