Inside the Queue
AbstractThis paper develops a continuous-time -continuous-place economic model of road trafficcongestion with a bottleneck, based on car-following theory. The model integrates twoarchetype congestion technologies used in the economics literature: 'static flow congestion',originating in the works of Pigou, and 'dynamic bottleneck congestion', pioneered byVickrey. Because a closed-form analytical solution of the formal model does not exist, itsbehaviour is explored using a simulation model. In a setting with endogenous departure timechoice and with a bottleneck along the route, it is shown that 'hypercongestion' can arise as adynamic -transitional and local- equilibrium phenomenon. Also dynamic toll schedules areexplored. It is found that a toll rule based on an intuitive dynamic and space-varyinggeneralization of the standard Pigouvian tax rule can hardly be improved upon. A naiveapplication of a toll schedule based on Vickrey 's bottleneck model, in contrast, appears toperform much worse and actually even reduces welfare in the numerical model.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 02-062/3.
Date of creation: 28 Jun 2002
Date of revision: 27 May 2003
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congestion; road pricing; networks;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion
- R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
- D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
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