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A Dynamic Model of Commutes

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  • Jan Rouwendal

    ()
    (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Arno van der Vlist

    ()
    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

Abstract

This paper studies the interaction between job mobility and housing mobility by considering the duration of commutes. Conventional models assume that the employrnent location has priority over the residentiallocation and that the latter is adapted to the former. This implies that the duration of commutes that start with a job change is often short, because of a related housechange that follows soon. In the paper we distinguish commutes on the basis of the mobility types that started and ended their existence. The empirical analysis of this paper shows that both job mobility and housing mobility are often followed by repeat-mobility , but also by mobility of theother type. These empirical results refer to a sample of Dutch workers who reported changes on the housing and labor market between 1990 and 1998.In order to capture these empirical findings in a formal model, we specify duration models that focus on the time during which employment-housing arrangements (hence, commutes) remain unchanged. We start with estimating univariate duration models for commutes and proceed to competing risks models. Estimation results for these models confirm that commutes that startwith housing mobility and those that start with job mobility have similar characteristics with respect to induced future mobility .Moreover, we find that the commuting distance has a limited effect on job mobility, that there is no evidence for the existence of a critical commuting distanceand that workers belonging to dual earner households are more mobile on both markets than others.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 02-026/3.

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Date of creation: 13 Mar 2002
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20020026

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Keywords: commutes; duration analysis; competing risks models;

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References

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  1. van Leuvensteijn, Michiel & Koning, Pierre, 2004. "The effect of home-ownership on labor mobility in the Netherlands," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 580-596, May.
  2. Arno J. van der Vlist & Cees Gorter & Peter Nijkamp & Piet Rietveld, 2002. "Residential Mobility and Local Housing Market Differences," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 02-003/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  3. Gronberg, Timothy J. & Reed, W. Robert, 1992. "Estimation of duration models using the Annual Housing Survey," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 311-324, May.
  4. Berg, G.J. van den & Gorter, C., 1996. "Job search and commuting time," Serie Research Memoranda 0001, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
  5. Meen, Geoffrey & Andrew, Mark, 1998. "On the Aggregate Housing Market Implications of Labour Market Change," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 45(4), pages 393-419, September.
  6. Henley, Andrew, 1998. "Residential Mobility, Housing Equity and the Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 414-27, March.
  7. Christopher J. Flinn & James J. Heckman, 1982. "Models for the Analysis of Labor Force Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 0857, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Michiel van Leuvensteijn & Pierre Koning, 2000. "The effects of home-ownership on labour mobility in the Netherlands: Oswald's theses revisited," CPB Research Memorandum 173, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
  9. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1992. "A Structural Dynamic Analysis of Job Turnover and the Costs Associated with Moving to Another Job," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1116-33, September.
  10. Cameron, Gavin & Muellbauer, John, 1998. "The Housing Market and Regional Commuting and Migration Choices," CEPR Discussion Papers 1945, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  11. Lancaster, Tony, 1979. "Econometric Methods for the Duration of Unemployment," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(4), pages 939-56, July.
  12. Jackman, Richard & Savouri, Savvas, 1992. "Regional Migration versus Regional Commuting: The Identification of Housing and Employment Flows," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 39(3), pages 272-87, August.
  13. Henderson, J. Vernon & Ioannides, Yannis M., 1989. "Dynamic aspects of consumer decisions in housing markets," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 212-230, September.
  14. M C Deurloo & F M Dieleman & W A V Clark, 1987. "Tenure choice in the Dutch housing market," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 19(6), pages 763-781, June.
  15. Ridder, Geert, 1990. "The Non-parametric Identification of Generalized Accelerated Failure-Time Models," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 167-81, April.
  16. Sueyoshi, Glenn T., 1992. "Semiparametric proportional hazards estimation of competing risks models with time-varying covariates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1-2), pages 25-58.
  17. Richard Jackman & S Savouri, 1992. "Regional Migration versus Regional Commuting: The Identification of Housing and Employment Flows," CEP Discussion Papers dp0057, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Engelbert Theurl & Georg Gottholmseder, 2006. "Nicht-PendlerInnen, Binnen- und GrenzpendlerInnen - Eine sozio-ökonomische Charakterisierung am Beispiel der Pendlerregion Bodenseeraum," Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft - WuG, Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik, vol. 32(2), pages 209-244.
  2. Jan Rouwendal, 2004. "Search Theory and Commuting Behavior," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 35(3), pages 391-418.
  3. Sigrun Beige & Kay Axhausen, 2012. "Interdependencies between turning points in life and long-term mobility decisions," Transportation, Springer, vol. 39(4), pages 857-872, July.

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