Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth
AbstractThe paper studies the determinants of income distribution and growth in an overlapping generations economy withheterogenous households. Our framework has the following main features:heterogeneity of consumers with respect to wealth and parental human capital;intergenerational transfers, accomplished via investment in the education of the younger generation.Heterogeneity in income results from the distribution of human capital acrossindividuals in a non-degenerate way. The human capital production is affected by 'home-education' , provided bythe parents, as well as 'public-education , which is provided equally to all young individuals of the same generation.Due to investments in human capital our economy exhibits endogenous growth. First, we explore the effects oftechnological change in human capital formation, upon the distribution of income at each date along theequilibrium path. Second, we study the impact of such technogical progress on growth and relate these results tothe income distribution inequality. Third, we provide numerical simulations to quantify the effect of changes in theparameters of the model. Simulation results include exact Gini coefficients and tax rate on labor determinedendogenously through majority voting. This discussion paper has lead to publication in: 'Inequality and Growth: Theory and Policy Implications' (2003), (T.S. Eicher, S.J. Turnovsky (eds), 89-117, MIT Press.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 01-104/2.
Date of creation: 12 Nov 2001
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Human Capital; Income Distribution; Endogenous Growth;
Other versions of this item:
- Jean-Marie Viaene & Itzhak Zilcha, 2001. "Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth," CESifo Working Paper Series 512, CESifo Group Munich.
- Viaene, J.-M. & Zilcha, I., 2001. "Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality and Growth," Papers 2001-13, Tel Aviv.
- D9 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice
- E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
- F2 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business
- J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-02-10 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2002-02-10 (Development)
- NEP-DGE-2002-02-10 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
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