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Dynamics of China's Regional Development and Pollution

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Author Info

  • Henri L.F.M. de Groot

    ()
    (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Cees A. Withagen

    ()
    (Tilburg University, CentER, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Zhou Minliang

    (Institute of Industrial Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)

Abstract

This paper addresses the existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve for China, using a sampleof thirty regions and covering the period 1982-1997. The types of pollution included in the studyare wastewater, waste gas and solid waste. We consider the development of the sources ofpollution in a pooled cross-section analysis considering the pollution in absolute levels, in percapita terms and relative to real GDP. At intermediate levels of GDP per capita, the increase of solidand gas emissions tends to decelerate, but accelerates again at high levels of GDP per capita.Water pollution decreases with per capita GDP.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 01-036/3.

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Date of creation: 30 Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20010036

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

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Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; China; pollution; economic development;

References

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  1. Gene M. Grossman & Alan B. Krueger, 1994. "Economic Growth and the Environment," NBER Working Papers 4634, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Grossman, G.M & Krueger, A.B., 1991. "Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement," Papers, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs 158, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  3. Ravallion, Martin & Heil, Mark & Jalan, Jyotsna, 2000. "Carbon Emissions and Income Inequality," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(4), pages 651-69, October.
  4. Baumol, William J, 1972. "Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 62(1), pages 150, March.
  5. De Bruyn, Sander M., 1997. "Explaining the environmental Kuznets curve: structural change and international agreements in reducing sulphur emissions," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 2(04), pages 485-503, November.
  6. List, John A. & Gallet, Craig A., 1999. "The environmental Kuznets curve: does one size fit all?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 409-423, December.
  7. Elbert Dijkgraaf & Herman Vollebergh, 2004. "A Note on Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curves with Panel Data," Others, EconWPA 0409001, EconWPA.
  8. Stern, David I. & Common, Michael S. & Barbier, Edward B., 1996. "Economic growth and environmental degradation: The environmental Kuznets curve and sustainable development," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 24(7), pages 1151-1160, July.
  9. Ger Klaassen & Andries Nentjes, 1997. "Creating Markets for Air Pollution Control in Europe and the USA," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 10(2), pages 125-146, September.
  10. Koop, Gary & Tole, Lise, 1999. "Is there an environmental Kuznets curve for deforestation?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 231-244, February.
  11. Panayotou T, 1993. "Empirical tests and policy analysis of environmental degradation at different stages of economic development," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 292778, International Labour Organization.
  12. Ayres, Robert U & Kneese, Allen V, 1969. "Production , Consumption, and Externalities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 59(3), pages 282-97, June.
  13. Selden Thomas M. & Song Daqing, 1994. "Environmental Quality and Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution Emissions?," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 147-162, September.
  14. Sun, J. W., 1998. "Changes in energy consumption and energy intensity: A complete decomposition model," Energy Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 85-100, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Brajer, Victor & Mead, Robert W. & Xiao, Feng, 2011. "Searching for an Environmental Kuznets Curve in China's air pollution," China Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 383-397, September.
  2. Jie He, 2007. "Is the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis valid for developing countries? A survey," Cahiers de recherche, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke 07-03, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  3. Song, Ma-Lin & Zhang, Wei & Wang, Shu-Hong, 2013. "Inflection point of environmental Kuznets curve in Mainland China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 14-20.
  4. Brajer, Victor & Mead, Robert W. & Xiao, Feng, 2008. "Health benefits of tunneling through the Chinese environmental Kuznets curve (EKC)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 66(4), pages 674-686, July.
  5. He, Jie & Wang, Hua, 2012. "Economic structure, development policy and environmental quality: An empirical analysis of environmental Kuznets curves with Chinese municipal data," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 49-59.
  6. Christoph Lieb, 2004. "The Environmental Kuznets Curve and Flow versus Stock Pollution: The Neglect of Future Damages," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 29(4), pages 483-506, December.

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