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An Eclectic Theory of Entrepreneurship: Policies, Institutions and Culture

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Author Info

  • Ingrid Verheul

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam and EIM)

  • Sander Wennekers

    (EIM)

  • David Audretsch

    (Indiana University)

  • Roy Thurik

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam and EIM)

Abstract

The level of entrepreneurship differs considerably across countries and periods. Both thecauses and consequences of entrepreneurship are a matter of extensive scientific debate aswell as of great policy importance. A high level of entrepreneurial activity is assumed andshown to contribute to innovative activities, competition, economic growth and job creation.The present paper deals with the determinants of entrepreneurship. An eclectic theory ofentrepreneurship is introduced. This eclectic theory provides an integrated framework,drawing on disparate strands of literature, to create a better understanding of the different rolethat entrepreneurship plays in different countries and time periods. This framework isdesigned to guide future empirical research in this area and to provide insights forpolicymakers striving to promote entrepreneurship.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 01-030/3.

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Date of creation: 14 Mar 2001
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20010030

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Web page: http://www.tinbergen.nl

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  1. North, Douglass C, 1994. "Economic Performance through Time," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(3), pages 359-68, June.
  2. Blanchflower, D.G. & Oswald, A., 1991. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Economics Series Working Papers 99125, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  3. Van Praag, C Mirjam & Van Ophem, Hans, 1995. "Determinants of Willingness and Opportunity to Start as an Entrepreneur," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(4), pages 513-40.
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  5. Du Rietz, Anita & Henrekson, Magnus, 2000. " Testing the Female Underperformance Hypothesis," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 14(1), pages 1-10, February.
  6. De Wit, Gerrit & Van Winden, Frans A. A. M., 1990. "An empirical analysis of self-employment in the Netherlands," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 97-100, January.
  7. Roy Thurik & Wim Verhoeven & Sander Wennekers, 1999. "Self-employment in 23 OECD countries," Scales Research Reports H199811, EIM Business and Policy Research.
    • Wildeman, R.E & Hofstede, G. & Noorderhaven, N.G. & Thurik, A.R. & Verhorven, W.H.J. & Wennekers, A.R.M., 1998. "Self-Employment in 23 OECD Countries," Papers 9811/e, NEUHUYS - RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM.
  8. Clark, Kenneth & Drinkwater, Stephen, 2000. "Pushed out or pulled in? Self-employment among ethnic minorities in England and Wales," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 603-628, September.
  9. Murphy, Kevin M & Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1991. "The Allocation of Talent: Implications for Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 503-30, May.
  10. Jacques Niehof, 1999. "Barriers for hiring personnel," Scales Research Reports H199807, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  11. Menkveld, A J & Thurik, A R, 1999. " Firm Size and Efficiency in Innovation: Reply," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 97-101, February.
  12. Riding, Allan L. & Swift, Catherine S., 1990. "Women business owners and terms of credit: Some empirical findings of the Canadian experience," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 5(5), pages 327-340, September.
  13. Shane, Scott, 1993. "Cultural influences on national rates of innovation," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 59-73, January.
  14. Martin A. Carree & A. Roy Thurik, 2000. "The Life Cycle of the U.S. Tire Industry," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 67(2), pages 254-278, July.
  15. David Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 0000. "Sources of Growth," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-109/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  16. Daron Acemoglu, 1993. "Reward Structures and the Allocation of Talent," CEP Discussion Papers dp0143, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  17. Bosma, N. & van Praag, M. & de Wit, G., 2000. "Determinants of Successful Entrepreneurship," Papers 0002/e, NEUHUYS - RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM.
  18. Roy Thurik & Ingrid Verheul, 2000. "Start-up capital: Differences between male and female entrepreneurs," Scales Research Reports H199910, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  19. Schultz, T. Paul, 1989. "Women's changing participation in the labor force : a world perspective," Policy Research Working Paper Series 272, The World Bank.
  20. Rosa, Peter & Carter, Sara & Hamilton, Daphne, 1996. " Gender as a Determinant of Small Business Performance: Insights from a British Study," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(6), pages 463-78, December.
  21. Wim Zwinkels & Gerrit de Wit & Niels Bosma & Sander Wennekers, 2000. "Modelling Business Ownership in the Netherlands," Scales Research Reports H199911, EIM Business and Policy Research.
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