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Networks of Collaboration in Oligopoly

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  • Sanjeev Goyal

    ()
    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Sumit Joshi

    ()
    (George Washington University)

Abstract

In an oligopoly, prior to competing in the market, firms have an opportunity to form pair-wisecollaborative links with other firms. These pair-wise links involve a commitment of resources andlead to lower costs of production of the collaborating firms. The collection of pair-wise linksdefines a collaboration network. We study the architecture of strategically stable networks.Our analysis reveals that in a setting where firms are ex-ante identical, strategically stablenetworks are often asymmetric, with some firms having a large number of links while others havefew links or no links at all. We characterize such asymmetric networks; the dominant grouparchitecture, stars, and inter-linked stars are found to be stable. In asymmetric networks, thefirms with many links have lower costs of production as compared to firms with few links. Thuscollaboration links can have a major influence on the functioning of the market.

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Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 00-092/1.

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Date of creation: 10 Nov 2000
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20000092

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  1. Dutta, B. & Nouweland, C.G.A.M. van den & Tijs, S.H., 1995. "Link formation in cooperative situations," Discussion Paper 1995-35, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. d'ASPREMONT, Claude & JACQUEMIN, Alexis, . "Cooperative and noncooperative R&D in duopoly with spillovers," CORE Discussion Papers RP -823, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  10. Sanjeev Goyal & Sumit Joshi, 2006. "Bilateralism And Free Trade," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 47(3), pages 749-778, 08.
  11. Yi, Sang-Seung, 1997. "Stable Coalition Structures with Externalities," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 201-237, August.
  12. Roger B. Myerson, 1976. "Graphs and Cooperation in Games," Discussion Papers 246, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
  13. Suzumura, Kotaro, 1992. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in an Oligopoly with Spillovers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(5), pages 1307-20, December.
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