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Determinants of Enterprise restructuring in Transition: Description of a Survey in Russian Industry


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  • Luc Moers

    (University of Amsterdam)


To achieve sustainable economic growth in transition countries, it is crucial that enterpriseperformance is improved. However, it is not a priori clear which factors are essential for this. ForRussia, data to investigate the potential determinants of enterprise performance is scarce.Therefore, the survey described in this paper collects data on enterprise restructuring, ownership,competition, budget constraints and, particularly, institutions in Russian industry, covering theperiod between the start of 1992 and September 1999. On their own, the survey answers show adevastating restructuring crisis, massive privatization, rather weak competition, unexpectedly hardbudget constraints, an overwhelmingly negative and relatively positive assessment of formal andinformal institutions respectively, and largely the same ruling networks as before the start of marketreforms. Ironically, tentative results based on this survey indicate that (un)important determinantsof enterprise restructuring in Russian industry are exactly those on which, according to the responseper se, least (most) reform has been accomplished. That is: stronger competition and betterinstitutions go with more restructuring, while privatization and harder budget constraints do not.The substitution, to some extent, of informal for formal institutions may have prevented even worserestructuring figures, but the results also suggest that better formal institutions in general wouldhave led to further improvements.

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Paper provided by Tinbergen Institute in its series Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers with number 00-026/2.

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Date of creation: 06 Apr 2000
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Handle: RePEc:dgr:uvatin:20000026

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Keywords: Transition economics; Russia; enterprise restructuring; policy reform; institutions;

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  1. Earle, John S & Estrin, Saul, 1997. "After Voucher Privatization: The Structure of Corporate Ownership in Russian Manufacturing Industry," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1736, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Susan J. Linz & Gary Krueger, 1998. "Enterprise Restructuring in Russia's Transition Economy: Formal and Informal Mechanisms," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 152, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
  3. Narayan, Deepa & Pritchett, Lant, 1997. "Cents and sociability : household income and social capital in rural Tanzania," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1796, The World Bank.
  4. A. Richter & M.E. Schaffer, 1996. "The Performance of De Novo Private Firms in Russian Manufacturing," CERT Discussion Papers, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University 9610, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
  5. Simon Clarke & Veronika Kabalina, 1999. "Employment in the New Private Sector in Russia," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(4), pages 421-443.
  6. Luc Moers, 1998. "Growth Empirics with Institutional Measures and its Application to Transition Countries: A Survey," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 98-126/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  7. Luc Moers, 1999. "What determines Enterprise Performance in Russia? A Survey of the Evidence," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Tinbergen Institute 99-077/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  8. Haggard, Stephan & McMillan, John & Woodruff, Christopher, 1996. "Trust and Search in Vietnam's Emerging Private Sector," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1506, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  9. Schaffer, Mark E., 1998. "Do Firms in Transition Economies Have Soft Budget Constraints? A Reconsideration of Concepts and Evidence," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 80-103, March.
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Cited by:
  1. Dirk Bezemer & Uwe Dulleck & Paul Frijters, 2003. "Socialism, Capitalism, and Transition-Coordination of Economic Relations and Output Performance," Vienna Economics Papers, University of Vienna, Department of Economics 0305, University of Vienna, Department of Economics.
  2. S. Avdasheva, 2007. "Russian Holding Groups: New Empirical Evidence," Problems of Economic Transition, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 50(5), pages 24-43, September.
  3. Ichiro Iwasaki, 2007. "Enterprise Reform And Corporate Governance In Russia: A Quantitative Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(5), pages 849-902, December.
  4. Avdasheva, Svetlana & Golikova, Victoria & Sugiura, Fumikazu & Yakovlev, Andrei, 2007. "External Relationship of Russian Corporations," Discussion Paper Series, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University b37, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  5. S. Avdasheva., 2007. "Russian Holding Company Groups: New Empirical Evidence," VOPROSY ECONOMIKI, N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", N.P. Redaktsiya zhurnala "Voprosy Economiki", vol. 1.


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